Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Research
  • Open Access

Catalogue of the Tachinidae of Egypt (Diptera: Oestroidea)

Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control201828:46

https://doi.org/10.1186/s41938-018-0042-3

  • Received: 18 December 2017
  • Accepted: 19 March 2018
  • Published:

Abstract

Tachinid flies are an important group of parasitoids in their larval stage, and all their hosts are of the Arthropoda, almost exclusively other insects, including important insect pests in agriculture and forestry. All known Egyptian taxa of the family Tachinidae are systematically catalogued. Synonymies, type localities, type depositories, world distributions by biogeographic realm(s) and country, Egyptian localities, and dates of collection are provided. A total of 72 tachinid species belonging to 42 genera, 15 tribes, and 4 subfamilies has been treated.

Keywords

  • Tachinid flies
  • Egyptian taxa
  • World distribution
  • Egyptian localities
  • Dates of collection

Background

Tachinidae are a large and cosmopolitan family of flies within the superfamily Oestroidea. It is the second largest family in the order Diptera (Irwin et al. 2003), with some 1500 recognized genera (O’Hara 2016) and more than 8500 described species (O’Hara 2013) worldwide. However, the estimated true diversity of the family is probably double the number of the currently known species, making this family a good candidate for the first largest family of Diptera (O’Hara, 2008 and 2013 and Pape et al. 2011).

Tachinid flies range in size from 2 to 20 mm, and most of them are larger than a house fly and noticeably more bristly, especially on thoracic dorsum and third to fifth abdominal segments; however, across the family there is a tremendous variety of shapes, colors, and degree of bristling. In addition to features shared with other families of the super family Oestroidea (Rhinophoridae, Sarcophagidae, Calliphoridae, and Oestridae), adult tachinids can be recognized by the developed postscutellum (a rounded bulge below the hind part of the thoracic dorsum) (O’Hara 2008). The family is divided into four subfamilies: Dexiinae, Exoristinae, Phasiinae, and Tachininae. All four subfamilies are represented in Egypt as shown in the present results.

Tachinid flies are nectar or honeydew feeders as adults and are effective pollinators (Tooker et al. 2006). However, they are an important group of parasitoids in their larval stage, and all their hosts are of the phylum Arthropoda, almost exclusively other insects, including insect pests in agriculture and forestry. They typically parasitize phytophagous larvae of Lepidoptera and Coleoptera or nymphs of Hemiptera and Orthoptera. Consequently, tachinid flies have been successfully applied in programs of biological control against different insect pests (Stireman et al. 2006; O’Hara 2008 and Cerretti and Tschorsnig 2010).

No comprehensive taxonomic studies on the family Tachinidae have been carried out in Egypt before. Only one published study, Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967), listed the Egyptian species of dipterous families including Tachinidae based on literature and specimens deposited in the main Egyptian insect collections. However, despite its importance, the list included only the names of species within the family ordered alphabetically without referring to their suprageneric classification or to other important data such as original descriptions, type localities, synonymies, world distribution, type depositories, and local distribution. Another study, an unpublished Ph.D. thesis by Dr. Fathy Negm (Plant Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture) was completed in 1987 and reviewed the taxonomy of Egyptian Tachinidae. The author mainly adopted the classification of the Palaearctic catalogue of Herting (1984).

All missing data and deficiencies in previous Egyptian studies have been perfected with an updated taxonomy of the Egyptian Tachinidae in the present catalogue.

The present study is one in a series of planned studies on different Egyptian dipteran families aiming to catalogue the order Diptera as a whole in Egypt.

Egypt, as a part of the Great Desert Belt, is characterized by a warm and almost rainless climate (El-Hawagry 2017). Ecologists divide Egypt into eight ecological zones: Coastal Strip, Lower Nile Valley and Delta, Upper Nile Valley, Fayoum, Eastern Desert, Western Desert, Sinai, and Gebel Elba (Fig. 1). These zones have a greater affiliation to the Palaearctic Region except for the Gebel Elba, the southeastern triangle of Egypt, which has a greater affiliation to the Afrotropical Region (El-Hawagry and Gilbert 2014).
Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Map of Egypt showing the ecological zones (taken from El-Hawagry and Gilbert 2014)

Material and methods

The present catalogue is based mainly on specimens collected by the author and his co-workers from different Egyptian localities, in addition to data compiled from specimens preserved in the main Egyptian insect collections, especially EFC and PPDD. A great deal of information, including synonymies and distributional data is obtained from relevant literature and website databases as well. Of the most important literature reviewed are Kugler (1980a); Herting (1984); Cerretti and Freidberg 2009; O’Hara et al. (2009); O’Hara and Cerretti (2016); and Pape and Thompson (2017).

Scope

This catalogue treats all names of taxa of the family Tachinidae recorded from Egypt.

Arrangement of taxa

All taxa are arranged alphabetically. Old world synonyms, including all available and unavailable names, are chronologically listed.

Typographical treatment of names

Family-group headings are centered and written in bold uppercase letters. Genus-group headings are left-justified and written in bold uppercase letters. Species-group headings are left-justified and written in bold italicized lowercase letters except the first letter which is written uppercase. Authorship of genera, subgenera, and species are written in lowercase letters except the first letter which is written in uppercase. Taxonomically valid genus-group names (senior synonyms) are listed again in bold italicized lowercase letters (except the first uppercase letter) and left-justified under the headings followed by the reference including author, year, and journal pages. Taxonomically valid species-group names combined with their original genera (senior synonyms) are listed again in regular italicized lower case letters (except the first uppercase letter) and left-justified under the headings followed by the reference including author, year, and journal pages. Type species for all nomenclaturally available genus-group names are given after the reference line, followed by method of their fixation. For each genus and species-group name, associated synonyms are listed in a chronological order. They are written in regular italicized lowercase letters (except the first uppercase letter), followed by the reference and other data as in senior taxa. The rank of types that currently exist (e.g., syntype, holotype, lectotype) is given after the reference of each species-group taxon, followed by its location (depository) in museums, which is given as abbreviations in parenthesis. The type locality of each species-group taxon is given at the end after its type depository. Countries and islands of type localities are usually broken down to states, provinces, archipelagos, ecological zones, towns, and villages. These “sublocalities” are placed in parentheses after the main locality, e.g., “Egypt (Sinai)” . The sublocalities may be more broken down to “smaller sublocalities”. These “smaller sublocalities” are written after a colon following the sublocality, e.g., “Egypt (Sinai: Tor)”.

Distribution

A complete world distribution by biogeographic realm(s) and country of each tachinid species, as is known from the literature, is listed in alphabetical order. Distribution localities preceded by a question mark (?) are considered questionable.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection

The Egyptian localities from which each tachinid species is collected and dates of collection are given to map a picture for the distribution and activity periods of the species in the different ecological zones of Egypt. Localities within each ecological zone are arranged alphabetically and written after a colon following the ecological zone, e.g., “Coastal Strip: Mariout”. Spelling of locality names in Egypt almost follows El-Hawagry and Gilbert (2014) and El-Hawagry (2015 and 2017).

The catalogue

This catalogue presents four tachinid subfamilies as represented in Egypt, and the number of taxa treated in the catalogue can be summarized in table.

Subfamily

Tribes

Genera

Species

Dexiinae

2

6

6

Exoristinae

5

21

37

Phasiinae

3

5

7

Tachininae

5

10

16

Doubtful taxa

  

6

Total number

15

42

72

Subfamily DEXIINAE

Tribe DEXIINI

Genus TRIXICEPS Villeneuve

Trixiceps Villeneuve, 1936: 329. Type species: Trixiceps aegyptiaca Villeneuve, 1936, by monotypy.

Trixiceps magnipalpis (Bezzi, 1922)

Paraprosena magnipalpis Bezzi, 1922: 154. Type(s) not located. Libya (Benghazi).

Trixiceps aegyptiaca Villeneuve, 1936: 329. Egypt (Ikingi Mariout).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Europe, Libya.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Mariout, Mersa Matruh.

Dates of collection: April to August.

Tribe VORIINI

Genus HYPOVORIA Villeneuve

Hypovoria Villeneuve, 1913a: 510 (as subgenus of Voria Robineau-Desvoidy 1830). Type species: Voria (Hypovoria) hilaris Villeneuve, 1913, by monotypy.

Hypovoria hilaris (Villeneuve, 1913)

Voria (Hypovoria) hilaris Villeneuve, 1913a: 510. Holotype female (CNC). Tunisia (Sfax).

Distribution: PA: Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, S. Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Macedonia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia), W. Europe (Andorra, Portugal (including Azores, excluding Madeira), Spain), Israel, Mongolia, Russia (E. Siberia), Tunisia, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: El-Marg, Mariout.

Dates of collection: February to July.

Genus NANOPLAGIA Villeneuve

Nanoplagia Villeneuve, 1929a: 45. Type species: Plagia hilfii Strobl, 1902, by original designation.

Nanoplagia sinaica (Villeneuve, 1909)

Plagia hilfii sinaica Villeneuve in Hermann and Villeneuve, 1909: 157. Holotype female (CNC). Egypt (Sinai).

Distribution: PA: Algeria, China, Egypt, S. Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Macedonia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia), Israel, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Russia (W. Russia, E. Siberia), Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Sinai:?

Dates of collection: April.

Genus PERISCEPSIA Gistel

Scopolia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 268 (junior homonym of Scopolia Hübner). Type species: Musca carbonaria Panzer, 1798, by subsequent designation of Zetterstedt, 1844: 1239).

Periscepsia Gistel, 1848: x (nomen novum for Scopolia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830).

Phoricheta Rondani, 1861a: 8 (nomen novum for Scopolia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830).

Ramonda Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863a: 790. Type species: Ramonda fasciata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863 (= Tachina spathulata Fallén, 1820) by original designation.

Subgenus PERISCEPSIA Gistel —Nominotypical subgenus

Periscepsia (Periscepsia) handlirschi (Brauer and von Bergenstamm, 1891)

Phorichaeta handlirschii Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891: 52. Unspecified type(s) (NHMW). Italy (Trentino: Trafoi).

Note: The specific epithet was spelled handlirschii in the original description but was subsequently changed to handlirschi (O’Hara 2009).

Distribution: PA: China, Egypt, Israel, Europe.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Burg El-Arab, Mariout.

Dates of collection: February to October.

Genus UCLESIA Girschner

Uclesia Girschner, 1901: 69. Type species: Uclesia fumipennis Girschner, 1901, by monotypy.

Uclesia petiolata (Villeneuve, 1929)

Nanoplagia petiolata Villeneuve, 1929a: 45. Holotype female (?EFC, not located). Egypt (Wadi Rishrash).

Distribution: PA: Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Russia, Tadzhikistan.

Egyptian localities: Eastern Desert: Wadi Rishrash.

Dates of collection: March.

Genus WAGNERIA Robineau-Desvoidy

Wagneria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 126. Type species: Wagneria gagatea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by monotypy.

Wagneria cunctans (Meigen, 1824)

Tachina cunctans Meigen, 1824: 419. Holotype male (MNHN). Germany.

Wagneria riedeli Villeneuve, 1937: 405. Germany (Frankfurt).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Europe, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: El-Burg, Mariout, Nuzha. Eastern Desert: Suez Road. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Dokki. Sinai: Ein Mouussa.

Dates of collection: January to July.

Subfamily EXORISTINAE

Tribe ERYCIINI

Genus AMELIBAEA Mesnil

Amelibaea Mesnil, 1955: 454 (as subgenus of Phebellia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1846). Type species: Parexorista tultschensis Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891, by monotypy.

Amelibaea ?signifera (Villeneuve, 1929)

Exorista signifera Villeneuve, 1929a: 44. Holotype male (?EFC, not located). Egypt (Mariout).

Remarks: The identity of this species is not clear since the male holotype is apparently lost (Cerretti and Freidberg 2009).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel (Cerretti and Freidberg 2009).

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Mariout.

Dates of collection: January.

Genus APLOMYA Robineau-Desvoidy

Aplomya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 184. Type species: Aplomya zonata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (= Tachina confinis Fallén, 1820), by subsequent designation of Robineau-Desvoidy (1863a: 459, 460).

Prozenillia Villeneuve, 1916: 487. Type species: Prozenillia distans Villeneuve, 1916, by monotypy.

Wiedemanniomyia Townsend, 1933: 469. Type species: Tachina metallica Wiedemann, 1824, by original designation.

Aplomyiella Mesnil, 1939: 31. Type species: Tricholyga impexa Villeneuve, 1916 (= Tachina metallica Wiedemann, 1824), by original designation.

Atricholyga Villeneuve, 1939: 9. Type species: Tricholyga impexa Villeneuve, 1916 (= Tachina metallica Wiedemann, 1824), by monotypy.

Aplomya confinis (Fallén, 1820)

Tachina confinis Fallén, 1820b: 32. Syntypes, males and females (NHRS and/or MZLU). Sweden (Gotland).

Phryxe zonata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 159. France.

Phryxe servillei Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 159. France (Paris).

Aplomya nitens Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 185. France (Yonne: St. Sauveur).

Aplomya zonata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 185. France (Paris).

Tachina bicingulata Zetterstedt, 1844: 1133. Sweden (Skäne: Esperod).

Exorista aenescens Macquart, 1850: 409. France (Lestrem).

Exorista longicornis Perris, 1852: 206. France (Grandes Landes).

Tachina bizonata Zetterstedt, 1859: 6119. Sweden (Skäne: Sjobo).

Distribution: AF: ?Malawi, Yemen. OR: Orien. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19]. PA: Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Egypt, Europe, Israel, Japan, Korea, Kuril Is., Madeira, Mongolia, Pal. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Russia, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash, Koubba.

Dates of collection: February to April.

Aplomya metallica (Wiedemann, 1824)

Tachina metallica Wiedemann, 1824: 46. Lectotype male (ZMUC). India. [by fixation of Townsend (1933: 470)].

Tachina nigriventris Wiedemann, 1824: 43. India.

Tachina notata Wiedemann, 1830: 653. Sudan (Nubia Region [as “Nubien”]).

Tachina socia Wiedemann, 1830: 654. Sudan (Nubia Region [as “Nubien”]).

Phorocera eucalypta Loew, 1852: 659. Mozambique (Tete [as “Tette”]).

Parexorista laeviventris Wulp, 1893: 173. Indonesia (Jawa).

Tricholyga impexa Villeneuve, 1916: 494. D.R. Congo and South Africa (Eastern Cape).

Distribution: AF: Widespread. OR: Widespread. Palaearctic: Egypt, Israel, Japan, Pal. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19].

Egyptian localities: Upper Nile Valley: Asswan.

Dates of collection: Unknown.

Genus CADURCIELLA Villeneuve

Cadurciella Villeneuve, 1927: 120. Type species: Cadurciella rufipalpis Villeneuve, 1927, by monotypy.

Cadurciella tritaeniata (Rondani, 1859)

Exorista tritaeniata Rondani, 1859: 147. Unspecified type(?MZF). Italy (Parma).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Europe (northwards to Scotland, S. Norway, Sweden, Japan.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known. Recorded by Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967: 48).

Genus CESTONIA Rondani

Cestonia Rondani, 1861a: 105. Type species: Cestonia cineraria Rondani, 1861, by monotypy.

Cestonia cineraria Rondani, 1861

Cestonia cineraria Rondani, 1861a: 106. Syntypes, males and females (MZF). Italy (Parma).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Europe (Mediterranean, northwards to S. France, Switzerland, and Italy), Israel.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Nuzha. Eastern Desert: Wadi Hoff. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Ezbet El-Nakhl. Sinai: Wadi El-Tih.

Dates of collection: March to July.

Cestonia rutilans Villeneuve, 1929

Cestonia rutilans Villeneuve, 1929b: 102. Syntypes, 1 male and 1 female, not located. Egypt (Cairo).

Distribution: AF: Senegal, Yemen. PA: Egypt, Libya.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known.

Genus CESTONIONERVA Villeneuve

Cestonionerva Villeneuve, 1929a: 43. Type species: Conogaster petiolata Villeneuve, 1910, by subsequent designation of Townsend (1936: 137).

Cestonionerva petiolata (Villeneuve, 1910)

Conogaster petiolata Villeneuve in Becker, 1910: 144. Holotype female (NHMW, not located). Yemen (Socotra).

Cestonionerva proxima Villeneuve, 1929a: 43. Egypt (Dahshour).

Distribution: AF: U.A. Emirates, Yemen. PA: Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Israel, Mongolia, North Africa, Pal. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19].

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Dahshour.

Dates of collection: April.

Genus DRINO Robineau-Desvoidy

Drino Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863a: 250. Type species: Drino volucris Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863 (= Tachina lota Meigen, 1824), by original designation.

Subgenus PALEXORISTA Townsend

Palexorista Townsend, 1921: 134. Type species: Tachina succini Giebel, 1862 (as “Tichina succini Giebel”), by monotypy.

Prosturmina Mesnil, 1970b: 110 (as subgenus of Drino Robineau-Desvoidy). Type species: Sturmia vigilans Villeneuve, 1933 (= Sturmia pulchra Curran, 1927), by original designation.

Drino (Palexorista) gilva (Hartig, 1838)

Tachina gilva Hartig, 1838: 288. Syntypes, males and females, not located. Germany.

Drino aurora Mesnil, 1949: 15. Japan.

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Europe, Japan, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known. Recorded from Egypt by Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967: 48).

Drino (Palexorista) imberbis (Wiedemann, 1830)

Tachina imberbis Wiedemann, 1830: 317. Syntypes, males (ZMUH, lost). Egypt.

Sturmia zonata Curran, 1927b: 336. Uganda (Entebbe).

Distribution: AF: D.R. Congo, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, U.A. Emirates, Uganda, Yemen. PA: Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Egypt, Iran, Israel, North Africa, Turkey, Turkmenia.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known.

Drino (Palexorista) inconspicua (Meigen, 1830)

Tachina inconspicua Meigen, 1830: 369. Unspecified types, females (MNHN). Germany (Berlin).

Tachina bimaculata Hartig, 1838: 286. Germany.

Tachina flavoscutellata Zetterstedt, 1844: 1042. Sweden.

Masicera cursitans Rondani, 1861a: 21. Italy (Parma).

Sturmia lophyri Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863b: 892. Germany.

Drino inusta Mesnil, 1949: 25. Poland.

Distribution: PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, Europe, Russia (W. Russia, W. Siberia), Taiwan, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known.

Subgenus ZYGOBOTHRIA Mik

Zygobothria Mik, 1891: 193. Type species: Sturmia atropivora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by original designation.

Formosodoria Townsend, 1933: 475. Type species: Sturmia (Argyrophylax) dilabida Villeneuve, 1916 (= Meigenia ciliata van der Wulp, 1881), by original designation.

Drino ( Zygobothria ) atropivora (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830)

Sturmia atropivora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 171. Syntypes, males and females (MNHN). France.

Sturmia masakensis Curran, 1927c: 117. Uganda (Masaka).

Distribution: AF: Widespread. AU: Australia. OR: India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Orien. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti, 2016: 19], Ryukyu Is., Sri Lanka. PA: Algeria, Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Egypt, all Europe (except British Is., Scand.), Israel, Japan, Pal. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Morocco, Russia, Transcaucasia, Tunisia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Ramleh. Eastern Desert: Ismailia, Suez Road. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: El-Qubba, Dekernes, Maadi, Shubra.

Dates of collection: April to July.

Genus THECOCARCELIA Townsend

Thecocarcelia Townsend, 1933: 471. Type species: Argyrophylax pelmatoprocta Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891 (= Masicera acutangulata Macquart, 1851), by original designation.

Thelycarcelia Townsend, 1933: 475. Type species: Thelycarcelia thrix Townsend, 1933 (= Sturmia sumatrana Baranov, 1932), by original designation.

Thecocarcelia acutangulata (Macquart, 1851)

Masicera acutangulata Macquart, 1851a: 478. Unspecified type, female (?MHNL). Switzerland (Chur [as “Coire”]).

Masicera incedens Rondani, 1861a: 22. Italy (Parma).

Argyrophylax pelmatoprocta Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891: 344. Austria (Bisamberg: nr. Vienna).

Distribution: AF: Widespread. PA: Palaearctic: Egypt, all Europe (except Turkey), Japan, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known.

Tribe ETHILLINI

Genus ATYLOMYIA Brauer

Atylomyia Brauer, 1898: 525. Type species: Atylomyia loewii Brauer, 1898, by monotypy.

Atylomyia albifrons Villeneuve, 1911

Atylomyia albifrons Villeneuve, 1911: 86. Lectotype female (CNC). Egypt (Helwan).

Atylomyia rungsi Mesnil, 1962: 778. Holotype. Morocco (Ait Melloul).

Distribution: PA: China, Egypt, Israel, W. Europe (Andorra, Portugal (including Azores, excluding Madeira), Spain).

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Helwan.

Dates of collection: January and February.

Tribe EXORISTINI

Genus ALLOPROSOPAEA Villeneuve

Alloprosopaea Villeneuve, 1923: 89. Type species: Alloprosopaea efflatouni Villeneuve, 1923, by monotypy.

Alloprosopaea efflatouni Villeneuve, 1923

Alloprosopaea efflatouni Villeneuve, 1923: 90. Unspecified type(s) (CNC). Egypt (Wadi Hoff).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Eastern Desert: Wadi Hoff. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Dahshour.

Dates of collection: April.

Genus CHAETORIA Becker

Chaetoria Becker, 1908: 113. Type species: Chaetoria stylata Becker, 1908, by monotypy.

Clistorrhinia Bezzi in Bezzi and Lamb, 1926: 570. Type species: Clistorrhinia aurifrons Bezzi, 1926, by monotypy.

Chaetoria stylata Becker, 1908

Chaetoria stylata Becker, 1908: 114. Lectotype female (ZMHB). Canary Islands (Tenerife).

Distribution: AF: Botswana, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, U.A. Emirates, Yemen. PA: Algeria, Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Egypt, Europe, Morocco, Tunisia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Ramleh. Upper Nile Valley: Luxur.

Dates of collection: January to September.

Genus CHETOGENA Rondani

Salia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 108 (junior homonym of Salia Hübner, 1818). Type species: Salia echinura Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (= Tachina obliquata Fallén 1810), by subsequent designation of Robineau-Desvoidy (1863a: 553).

Chetogena Rondani, 1856: 68. Type species: Salia rondaniana Villeneuve, 1931.

Spoggosia Rondani, 1859: 182. Type species: Spoggosia occlusa Rondani, 1859 (=Tachina obliquata Fallén 1810), by monotypy.

Stomatomyia Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1889: 98. Type species: Chetogena filipalpis Rondani, 1859, by subsequent designation of Brauer (1893: 483).

Chetogena aegyptiaca (Villeneuve, 1923)

Tachinosalia aegyptiaca Villeneuve, 1923: 91. Holotype male (EFC). Egypt.

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Mariout.

Dates of collection: March.

Chetogena cercosa (Kugler, 1980)

Chaetogena cercosa Kugler, 1980a: 31. Holotype male (TAU). Israel (Elat).

Distribution: AF: U. A. Emirates. PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: Serabit El-Khadim.

Dates of collection: April.

Chetogena sinaica (Villeneuve, 1909)

Stomatomyia acuminata var. sinaica Villeneuve in Hermann and Villeneuve, 1909: 157. Holotype female (CNC). Egypt (Sinai).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: South Sinai.

Dates of collection: ?April.

Genus EXORISTA Meigen

Exorista Meigen, 1803: 280. Type species: Musca larvarum Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy.

Subgenus ADENIA Robineau-Desvoidy

Adenia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863a: 1041. Type species: Tachina grisea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (= Tachina rustica Fallén, 1810), by original designation.

Staegeria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863a: 972 (junior homonym of Staegeria Rondani 1856). Type species: Tachina pratensis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by original designation.

Chaetotachina Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1889: 98. Type species: Tachina rustica Fallén, 1810, by monotypy.

Exorista (Adenia) rustica (Fallén, 1810)

Tachina rustica Fallén, 1810: 264. Lectotype male (NHRS). Sweden (Skåne).

Distribution: PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, all Europe, M. East, Mongolia, Russia, Taiwan, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Eastern Desert: Wadi Hoff.

Dates of collection: March to June.

Subgenus EXORISTA Meigen —Nominotypical subgenus

Exorista Meigen, 1803: 280. Type species: Musca larvarum Linnaeus, 1758 (as “Musca larvarum Fabr.”), by monotypy.

Exorista (Exorista) fasciata (Fallén, 1820)

Tachina fasciata Fallén, 1820a: 5. Syntypes, males and females (NHRS and/or MZLU). Sweden (Skåne, Äsperöd [as “Esperöd”] and Abusa).

Chetogena segregata Rondani, 1859: 181. Italy (Parma and Sicily); Malta.

Distribution: NE: Yukon, introduced and established in Ontario, Québec and New England. OR: India. PA: China, Egypt, Europe, Japan, M. East, Mongolia, Russia, Taiwan, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Upper Nile Valley: Assiout.

Dates of collection: March.

Exorista (Exorista) larvarum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Musca larvarum Linnaeus, 1758: 596. Unspecified Type(s) (LSUK). Europe.

Tachina moreti Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 534. France (Auxerre).

Distribution: NE: New England, Ontario, Québec, Yukon. OR: India. PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, all Europe, Japan, M. East, Mongolia, North Africa, Russia, Taiwan, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Alexandria, Mariout, Nuzha. Eastern Desert: Ismailia. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Bahtim, Dessouk, Dokki, Embaba, Sakha, Tanta. Fayoum: ?. Sinai: El-Arish. Upper Nile Valley: Sohag.

Dates of collection: Throughout the year.

Subgenus PODOTACHINA Brauer and Bergenstamm

Podotachina Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891: 350. Type species: Tachina sorbillans Wiedemann, 1830, by subsequent designation of Townsend (1916: 8).

Exorista ( Podotachina ) sorbillans (Wiedemann, 1830)

Tachina sorbillans Wiedemann, 1830: 311. Lectotype male (NHMW). Canary Islands (Tenerife).

Distribution: AF: Cameroon, Canary Is., D.R. Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda. OR: India, Indonesia, Nepal, Orien. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Philippines, Ryukyu Is., Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Australasian: Australia, N. Australasian. PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Egypt, Europe, Israel, Japan, Mongolia, China.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known. Recorded from Egypt by Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967: 49).

Subgenus PTILOTACHINA Brauer and Bergenstamm

Ptilotachina Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891: 350. Type species: Exorista florentina Herting, 1975, by fixation of O’Hara et al. (2009: 94) under Article 70.3.2 of the Code (ICZN, 1999).

Exorista (Ptilotachina) rutilans Mesnil, 1970

Exorista rutilans Mesnil, 1970a: 113. Holotype male (MNHN). Egypt (Sinai).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai.

Dates of collection: April.

Exorista ( Ptilotachina ) xanthaspis (Wiedemann, 1830)

Tachina xanthaspis Wiedemann, 1830: 314. Syntypes, males and females (SMF). Sudan (Nubia Region [as “Nubien”]).

Tachina pyrrhocera Wiedemann, 1830: 314. Sudan (Nubia Region [as “Nubien”]).

Tachina fallax pseudofallax Villeneuve, 1920: 151. South Africa (Eastern Cape).

Larvaevora (Ptilotachina) fallax aethiopica Rohdendorf, 1931: 348. Sudan (Wad Medani).

Distribution: AF: Madagascar, Seychelles, Sudan, U.A. Emirates, Yemen. AU: N. Australasian. OR: India, Indonesia, Orien. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Ryukyu Is., Taiwan. PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Egypt, all Europe (except British Is., Scand.), Israel, Mongolia, Pal. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Russia, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash. Sinai: St. Katherine.

Dates of collection: February to August. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan.

Genus MACULOSALIA Mesnil

Maculosalia Mesnil, 1946: 62 (as subgenus of Spoggosia Rondani 1859). Type species: Deuterammobia maculosa Villeneuve, 1909, by monotypy.

Maculosalia maculosa (Villeneuve, 1909)

Deuterammobia maculosa Villeneuve, 1909: 80. ?Holotype (?MNHN). Egypt (Sinai).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Iran, Tunisia.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: ?

Dates of collection: Unknown.

Tribe GONIINI

Genus BLEPHARELLA Macquart

Blepharella Macquart, 1851b: 176. Type species: Blepharella lateralis Macquart, 1851, by original designation.

Blepharella versatilis (Villeneuve, 1910)

Sturmia versatilis Villeneuve, 1910a: 253. Unspecified type(s), 1 male (CNC). D.R. Congo.

Distribution: AF: D.R. Congo, Malawi, Nigeria, Sudan. PA: ?Egypt.

Note: Villeneuve (1913b: 29) recorded this species from Egypt, based on a male in BMNH, however this record needs confirmation (O’Hara and Cerretti 2016).

Genus CLEMELIS Robineau-Desvoidy

Clemelis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863a: 481. Type species: Zenillia ciligera Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (= Tachina pullata Meigen, 1824), by original designation.

Clemelis apicalis Villeneuve, 1923

Clemelis apicalis Villeneuve, 1923: 92. Holotype male (?EFC, not located). Egypt [as “Lower Egypt”].

Distribution: PA: Egypt.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Mariout.

Dates of collection: April.

Genus GONIA Meigen

Salmacia Meigen, 1800: 38. Name suppressed by ICZN (1963: 339).

Gonia Meigen, 1803: 280. Type species: Gonia bimaculata Wiedemann, 1819, by subsequent designation of Sabrosky and Arnaud Jr (1965: 1075).

Reaumuria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 79. Type species: Musca capitata De Geer, 1776, by subsequent designation of Robineau-Desvoidy (1863a: 733).

Pissemya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851b: 318. Type species: Gonia atra Meigen, 1826, by monotypy.

Turanogonia Rohdendorf, 1924: 228. Type species: Turanogonia smimovi Rohdendorf, 1924 (= Gonia chinensis Wiedemann, 1824), by monotypy.

Asiogonia Rohdendorf, 1928: 98. Type species: Asiogonia asiatica Rohdendorf, 1928, by monotypy.

Chrysocerogonia Rohdendorf, 1928: 98 (as subgenus of Salmacia Meigen, 1800). Type species: Salmacia (Chrysocerogonia) ussuriensis Rohdendorf, 1928, by monotypy.

Eremogonia Rohdendorf, 1928: 98 (as subgenus of Salmacia Meigen, 1800). Type species: Salmacia (Eremogonia) desertorum Rohdendorf, 1928, by monotypy.

Gonia atra Meigen, 1826

Gonia atra Meigen, 1826: 7. Unspecified type(s) (MNHN). France.

Distribution: PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, Europe, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia (Siberia), Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Fayoum:? . Lower Nile Valley and Delta: El-Marg, Ezbet El-Nakhl, Kafr Hakim, Kerdassa, Sentrees.

Dates of collection: February to October.

Gonia bimaculata Wiedemann, 1819

Gonia bimaculata Wiedemann, 1819: 25. Syntypes, females (NHMW, ZMUC). South Africa (Western Cape: Cape of Good Hope).

Gonia cilipeda Rondani, 1859: 35. Italy (Parma and Malta).

Gonia incerta Bigot, 1888: 10. (Tunisia. Tunis).

Salmacia cabrerae Mesnil, 1956: 523. Canary Is. (Hierro).

Distribution: AF: Widespread (excl. W. AF). OR: Orien. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19]. PA: Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Europe, Israel, Madeira, North Africa, Pal. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Abu Qir. Eastern Desert: Gebel Asfar, Ismailia, Wadi Hoff. Fayoum: Kom Osheem. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash, Borkash, El-Marg, Ezbet El-Nakhl, Kafr Hakim, Pyramids, Shubra, Tanta, Zaqaziq.

Dates of collection: February to September.

Gonia capitata (De Geer, 1776)

Musca capitata De Geer, 1776: 23. Syntypes, unspecified number and sex (?NHRS). Sweden.

Rhedia testacea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 75. France (Paris).

Gonia trifaria Zeller, 1842: 841. Austria (Wien), Poland (Reinerz and Szczecin).

Gonia maritima Perris, 1847: 495. France.

Distribution: PA: China, Egypt, Europe, Mongolia, Russia (W. Russia, W. Siberia), Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Common throughout the country, particularly in: Coastal Strip: El-Burg, Mariout. Fayoum: ?. Eastern Desert: Wadi Rishrash, Wadi Wirak. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Giza, Helwan, Kerdassa, Tanta. Sinai: El-Arish, Ein Gedeirat, Ein Moweileh, Gebel Moussa, Wadi El-Lega, Wadi Firan. Western Desert: Siwa Oasis. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan.

Dates of collection: February to October.

Gonia ornata Meigen, 1826

Gonia ornata Meigen, 1826: 3. Syntypes, males (MNHN). France (Lyon).

Gonia vittata Meigen, 1826: 3. Germany.

Gonia nervosa Meigen, 1826: 4. Germany (Hamburg).

Rhedia vernalis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 74. France.

Rhedia diversa Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 77. France.

Gonia lateralis Zeller, 1842: 843. Poland (Glogow).

Distribution: PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, Europe (all), M. East, Mongolia, Russia (W. Russia, W. Siberia, S. Far East), Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Common throughout the country, particularly in: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash, Tanta. Upper Nile Valley: Qena.

Dates of collection: February to August.

Genus MENDELSSOHNIA Kugler

Mendelssohnia Kugler 1971: 69. Type species: Mendelssohnia sinaica Kugler, 1971, by original designation.

Mendelssohnia sinaica Kugler, 1971

Mendelssohnia sinaica Kugler, 1971: 70. Holotype male (TAU). Egypt (Sinai: Wadi El-Sheikh).

Distribution: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: Wadi El Sheikh.

Dates of collection: Unknown.

Genus NEALSOMYIA Mesnil

Nealsomyia Mesnil, 1939: 31. Type species: Exorista (Alsomyia) triseriella Villeneuve, 1929, by original designation.

Nealsomyia triseriella (Villeneuve, 1929)

Exorista triseriella Villeneuve, 1929c: 185. Holotype male (CNC). Egypt (Wadi Hoff: nr. Helwan).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Eastern Desert: Wadi Hoff.

Dates of collection: April to August.

Genus PSEUDOGONIA Brauer and Bergenstamm

Pseudogonia Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1889: 100. Type species: Gonia cinerascens Rondani, 1859 (= Tachina rufifrons Wiedemann, 1830), by monotypy.

Gaediogonia Townsend, 1927: 71. Type species: Gaediogonia jacobsoni Townsend, 1927 (= Tachina rufifrons Wiedemann, 1830), by original designation.

Pseudogonia fasciata (Wiedemann, 1819)

Gonia fasciata Wiedemann, 1819: 25. Syntypes, females (ZMUC). South Africa (Western Cape: Cape of Good Hope).

Rhedia capensis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 77. South Africa (Western Cape: Cape of Good Hope).

Reaumuria lalandii Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 80. South Africa (Western Cape: Cape of Good Hope).

Distribution: AF: South Africa, Zimbabwe. PA: Andorra, Canary Is., Egypt, Portugal (including Azores, excluding Madeira), Spain.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known. Recorded from Egypt by Steyskal and El-Bialy 1967: 49).

Pseudogonia rufifrons (Wiedemann, 1830)

Tachina rufifrons Wiedemann, 1830: 318. Lectotype female (ZMUC). China.

Latreillia lalandii Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: l06. South Africa (Western Cape: Cape of Good Hope).

Gonia cinerascens Rondani, 1859: 34. Italy (Parma).

Gonia munroi Curran, 1927b: 339. Tanzania.

Gonia ritchiei Cuthbertson and Munro, 1941: 109. Nomen nudum.

Gonia munroi curran, 1927b: 339) Tanzania (Tanganyika) and South Africa.

Distribution: AF: Widespread, including Cape Verde, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, U.A. Emirates, Yemen. AU: Australia, Hawaii, Melanesia, N. Australasian. OR: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Orien. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Is., Taiwan, Thailand. PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), Egypt, all Europe (except British Is.), Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, M. East (Israel), Mongolia, Pal. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Russia, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Mariout, Nuzha. Eastern Desert: Wadi Hoff. Gebel Elba: Wadi Edeib. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash. Sinai: Wadi El-Tih.

Dates of collection: January to July.

Genus RAMONELLA Kugler

Ramona Kugler, 1980a: 40 (junior homonym of Ramona Casey, 1886). Type species: Ramona mesnili Kugler, 1980, by original designation.

Ramonella Kugler, 1980b: 67 (nomen novum for Ramona Kugler, 1980).

Ramonella mesnili (Kugler, 1980)

Ramona mesnili Kugler, 1980a: 41. Holotype male (TAU). Israel (Negev: Ramon).

Distribution: AF: Yemen. PA: Canary Is., Egypt, Turkey, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: El-Marg. Sinai: Wadi Taibe, Wadi Watir.

Dates of collection: May to September.

Tribe WINTHEMIINI

Genus NEMORILLA Rondani

Nemorilla Rondani, 1856: 66. Type species: Tachina maculosa Meigen, 1824, by original designation.

Nemorilla floralis (Fallén, 1810)

Tachina floralis Fallén, 1810: 287. Holotype male (NHRS). Sweden.

Tachina notabilis Meigen, 1824: 266. Sweden.

Tachina angustipennis Meigen, 1824: 333. W. Europe.

Tachina pabulina Meigen, 1824: 358. Germany (Hamburg).

Exorista laticella Macquart, 1850: 373. France (Lestrem).

Exorista arrogans Macquart, 1850: 374. France (Lestrem).

Tachina intersita Walker, 1853: 72. England.

Nemorilla amica Rondani, 1859: 102. Italy (Parma).

Aubaea campestris Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 186. France.

Pitthaea nebulosa Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 189. France.

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Europe, Russia, Japan, North Korea.

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Bahtim, Ezbet El-Nakhl. Sinai: El-Arish.

Dates of collection: April to June.

Subfamily PHASIINAE

Tribe CYLINDROMYIINI

Genus BESSERIA Robineau-Desvoidy

Besseria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 232. Type species: Besseria reflexa Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by monotypy.

Apostrophus Loew, 1871: 310, 311. Type species: Apostrophus suspectus Loew, 1871 (=Actia zonaria Loew, 1847), by subsequent designation of Coquillett (1910: 509).

Apostrophusia Townsend, 1933: 454. Type species: Apostrophus anthophilus Loew, 1871, by original designation.

Besseria anthophila (Loew, 1871)

Apostrophus anthophilus Loew, 1871: 310. Type(s), male(s), not located. Germany (Bavaria: Munich-Geiselgasteig).

Melia forcipata Bigot, 1881: 368. France (Hautes-Alpes: Queyras, Abries).

Distribution: NE: Alberta, Northwest Territories. PA: Egypt, Europe, Mongolia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Dekhila, Mariout.

Dates of collection: June to August.

Genus CYLINDROMYIA Meigen

Cylindromyia Meigen, 1803: 279. Type species: Musca brassicaria Fabricius, 1775, by monotypy.

Ocyptera Latreille, 1804: 195. Type species: Musca brassicaria Fabricius, 1775, by subsequent designation of Curtis (1837: 629).

Exogaster Rondani, 1856: 78. Type species: Exogaster carinatus Rondani, 1856 (= Ocyptera rufifrons Loew, 1844), by original designation.

Ocypterula Rondani, 1856: 78. Type species: Ocyptera pusilla Meigen, 1824, by original designation.

Plesiocyptera Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1893: 56. Type species: Ocyptera bicolor Wiedemann, 1819, by monotypy.

Conopisoma Speiser, 1910: 144. Type species: Conopisoma miraculum Speiser, 1910, by original designation.

Formicocyptera Townsend, 1933: 451. Type species: Ocyptera atrata Fabricius, 1805, by original designation.

Cylindromyia intermedia (Meigen, 1824)

Ocyptera intermedia Meigen, 1824: 212. Holotype male (MNHN). ?Europe.

Ocyptera scalaris Loew, 1844: 240. Austria (Vienna).

Ocyptera excisa Loew, 1845: 171. Romania (Mehadia).

Ocyptera excisa var. rufiventris Strobl, 1906: 338. Spain (Villa Rutis).

Ocyptera reinigi Enderlein, 1934: 132. Tajikistan (Pamir: Karasu).

Distribution: Nearctic: Widespread. PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, Europe, Iran, Israel, Mongolia, Russia, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Alexandria, Mariout, Max, Ramleh. Upper Nile Valley: Beni Suef.

Dates of collection: April to September.

Cylindromyia rufipes (Meigen, 1824)

Ocyptera rufipes Meigen, 1824: 215. Lectotype male (MNHN). France.

Distribution: AF: U.A. Emirates. OR: India, Pakistan. PA: Egypt, all Europe (except British Is., Scand.), Pakistan, Russia (W. Russia), Saudi Arabia, Transcaucasia, Ukraine.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Alexandria. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Gebel Asfar, Kubba.

Dates of collection: October to February.

Tribe LEUCOSTOMATINI

Genus DIONOMELIA Kugler

Dionomelia Kugler, 1978b: 346. Type species: Dionomelia hennigi Kugler, 1978, by original designation.

Dionomelia hennigi Kugler, 1978

Dionomelia hennigi Kugler, 1978b: 346. Holotype female (TAU). Israel (Dead Sea area: Ein Boqeq).

Distribution: AF: U.A. Emirates. PA: Andorra, Egypt, Israel, Portugal (including Azores, excluding Madeira), Spain.

Egyptian localities: Sinai.

Dates of collection: April to September.

Genus LEUCOSTOMA Meigen

Leucostoma Meigen, 1803: 279. Type species: Ocyptera simplex Fallén, 1815, by subsequent monotypy of Meigen (1824: 234).

Leucostoma engeddense Kugler, 1966

Leucostoma engeddense Kugler, 1966: 177. Holotype female (TAU). Israel (Dead Sea area: Ein Gedi).

Distribution: AF: South Africa, U.A. Emirates. PA: Algeria, Canary Is., Egypt, Israel, Madeira, NW Africa, Spain, Turkey.

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Minia El-Qamh, Tanta.

Dates of collection: February to May.

Leucostoma obsidianum (Wiedemann, 1830)

Tachina obsidiana Wiedemann, 1830: 341. Lectotype female (SMF). Sudan (Nuba [as “Nubien”]).

Leucostoma marismortui Kugler, 1966: 179. Israel (Dead Sea area: Ein Gedi).

Distribution: AF: Sudan, Yemen. PA: Canary Is., Egypt, Europe, Israel, Malta, Saudi Arabia.

Egyptian localities: Upper Egypt: Asswan.

Dates of collection: Unknown.

Tribe PHASIINI

Genus PHASIA Latreille

Phasia Latreille, 1804: 195. Type species: Conops subcoleoptratus Linnaeus, 1767, by subsequent monotypy of Latreille (1805: 379).

Alophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 293. Type species: Syrphus hemipterus Fabricius, 1794, by subsequent designation of Robineau-Desvoidy (1863b: 226, as “Thereva hemiptera de Fabricius”).

Hyalomya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 298. Type species: Phasia semicinerea Meigen, 1824 (=Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824), by subsequent designation of Westwood (1840: 140).

Phorantha Rondani, 1861b: 209. Type species: Phorantha musciformis Rondani, 1861 (= Conops subcoleoptratus Linnaeus, 1767), by monotypy.

Paralophora Girschner, 1887: 412 (as subgenus of Alophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830). Type species: Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824, by monotypy.

Alophorella Townsend, 1912: 45. Type species: Thereva obesa Fabricius, 1798, by original designation.

Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824

Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824: 198. Lectotype male (CNC). Germany (Stolberg).

Phasia semicinerea Meigen, 1824: 199. Germany (Stolberg).

Hyalomya carbonaria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 300. France (St. Sauveur).

Hyalomya corinna Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 301. France.

Phasia vitripennis Zetterstedt, 1859: 6169. Sweden (Skane).

Hyalomya chorea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 266. France.

Distribution: PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, Europe (all), Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known.

Subfamily TACHININAE

Tribe ERNESTIINI

Genus EURITHIA Robineau-Desvoidy

Erigone Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 65 (junior homonym of Erigone Audouin, 1826). Type species: Erigone anthophila Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by subsequent designation of Townsend (1932: 42).

Eurithia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1844: 24. Type species: Erigone puparum Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (= Tachina caesia Fallén, 1810), by monotypy.

Eurithia castellana (Strobl, 1906)

Erigone castellana Strobl, 1906: 338. Holotype male (NMBA). Spain (Madrid). Holotype may be lost, see O’Hara et al. (2009).

Distribution: PA: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Egypt, Greece, Israel, Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: El-Burg, Mariout. Eastern Desert: Ismailia. Fayoum: ?. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan.

Dates of collection: January to October.

Genus LINNAEMYA Robineau-Desvoidy

Linnaemya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 52. Type species: Linnaemya silvestris Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (= Tachina vulpina Fallén, 1810), by subsequent designation of Robineau-Desvoidy (1863a: 131).

Bonellia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 56 (junior homonym of Bonellia Rolando, 1822). Type species: Bonellia tessellans Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by subsequent designation of Townsend (1916: 6).

Elachipalpus Rondani, 1850: 169. Type species: Micropalpus longirostris Macquart, 1845 (junior primary homonym of Micropalpus longirostris Macquart, 1844; = Elachipalpus rondanii Townsend, 1916), by original designation.

Tachinomima Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891: 383. Type species: Tachinomima expetens Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891 (= Micropalpus longirostris Macquart, 1844), by monotypy.

Hecatoepalpus Townsend, 1933: 467. Type species: Micropalpus prohecate Speiser, 1910, by original designation.

Micropalpinus Enderlein, 1937: 441. Type species: Micropalpus pallidus Jaennicke, 1867, by original designation.

Gymmantia Enderlein, 1937: 441. Type species: Micropalpus alboscutellatus Speiser, 1910, by original designation.

Linnaemya comta (Fallén, 1810)

Tachina comta Fallén, 1810: 277. Unspecified type(s), females (NHRS) Sweden.

Tachina compta Meigen, 1824: 262. Unjustified emendation of comta Fallén.

Tachina fulgens Meigen, 1824: 259. Austria, France and Germany.

Linnaemya heraclei Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 53. France (Paris).

Linnaemya analis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 54. France (Angers).

Linnaemya aestivalis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 54. France.

Linnaemya borealis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 54. France.

Bonnetia longipes Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 55. France.

Bonnetia oenanthis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 56. France (Paris).

Micropalpus humeralis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 119. New name for Bonnetia longipes Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830.

Distribution: AF: Sudan. NE: Widespread. OR: India, Nepal. PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, Europe (all), Kazakhstan, Israel, Mongolia, Russia (W. Russia, W. Siberia, E. Siberia, S. Far East), Taiwan, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Eastern Desert: Wadi Garawi, Wadi Rishrash. Gebel Elba: ?. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Mansouriya.

Dates of collection: January to March.

Linnaemya latigena Kugler, 1977

Linnaemyia latigena Kugler, 1977: 3. Holotype male (TAU). Egypt (Sinai: Bir Gifgafa [as “Refidim”]).

Distribution: AF: U.A. Emirates. PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: Bir Gifgafa, Mitla, Wadi Firan.

Dates of collection: April.

Linnaemya petiolata Kugler, 1971

Linnaemya petiolata Kugler, 1971: 80. Unspecified type(s), male(s) (TAU). Egypt (South Sinai: Abu Marawath).

Distribution: PA: Egypt.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: Abu Marawath.

Dates of collection: April to August.

Linnaemya soror Zimin, 1954

Linnaemyia soror Zimin, 1954: 266. Holotype male (ZIN). Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan: Khorugh).

Distribution: PA: Canary Is., C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, W. Europe (Andorra, Portugal (including Azores, excluding Madeira), Spain), S. Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia), Israel, North Africa, Russia, Transcaucasia, Turkmenia, Uzbekistan. OR: India, Nepal.

Egyptian localities: Pyramids.

Dates of collection: September.

Tribe GRAPHOGASTRINI

Genus PHYTOMYPTERA Rondani

Phytomyptera Rondani, 1845: 32, 33. Type species: Phytomyptera nitidiventris Rondani, 1845 (= Tachina nigrina Meigen, 1824), by monotypy.

Elfia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1850: 190. Type species: Actia cingulata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by subsequent designation of Robineau-Desvoidy (1863a: 672).

Phytomyptera lacteipennis Villeneuve, 1934

Phytomyptera lacteipennis Villeneuve, 1934b: 71. Lectotype female (CNC). Egypt (Suez).

Distribution: AF: U.A. Emirates. PA: Egypt, Europe, Israel, Libya, Mongolia, Russia (W. Russia).

Egyptian localities: Eastern Desert: Suez Road.

Dates of collection: March.

Tribe MINTHOINI

Genus MINTHO Robineau-Desvoidy

Mintho Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 216. Type species: Musca compressa Fabricius, 1787, by subsequent designation of Rondani (1856: 79).

Mintho compressa (Fabricius, 1787)

Musca compressa Fabricius, 1787: 346. Unspecified type(s) (ZMUC). Spain.

Mintho capensis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 217. South Africa (Western Cape: Cape of Good Hope).

Tachina isis Wiedemann, 1830: 304. Egypt.

Ocyptera vittata Costa, 1844: 94. Italy (Cervinara and Guagnano).

Sericocera algira Macquart, 1849: 480. Algeria.

Dexia thala Walker, 1849: 845. Morocco (Tangier).

Dexia isapis Walker, 1849: 848. Egypt.

Distribution: AF: Widespread, including D.R. Congo, Eritrea, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen. PA: Algeria, Canary Is., Egypt, Europe, Israel, Libya, Morocco, Transcaucasia, Tunisia.

Egyptian localities. Coastal Strip: Alexandria, Amrya. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash, Ain Shams, Beni Meggon, Cairo, Dokki, El-Baragil, Ezbet El-Nakhl, Giza, Kafr Hakim, Kerdassa, Mansouriya, Maadi, Nahya, Shubra, Sinai: El-Arish. Sinai: El-Arish. Upper Nile Valley: Assiout, Asswan.

Dates of collection. Throughout the year.

Genus PLESINA Meigen

Plesina Meigen, 1838: 214. Type species: Tachina phalerata Meigen, 1824, by monotypy.

Xanthopetia Townsend, 1933: 452. Type species: Tachina fascipennis Wiedemann, 1830, by original designation.

Kugleria Verbeke, 1970: 299 (junior homonym of Kugleria Bouwman, 1938). Type species: Plesina fascipennis claripennis Mesnil, by monotypy.

Plesina claripennis Mesnil, 1953

Plesina claripennis Mesnil, 1953b: 166. Holotype (not located). Israel (Jerusalem).

Distribution: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai.

Dates of collection: ?

Plesina deserticola Kugler, 1978

Plesina deserticola Kugler, 1978a: 93. Holotype male (TAU). Egypt (Sinai: Wadi Shag).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: Wadi Shag (South Sinai).

Dates of collection: ?

Genus ROSSIMYIOPS Mesnil

Rossimyiops Mesnil, 1953a: 145. Type species: Rossimyiops whiteheadi Mesnil, 1953, by monotypy.

Mesnilomyia Kugler, 1972: 103. Type species: Mesnilomyia magnifica Kugler, 1972, by original designation.

Persedea Richter, 2001: 25. Type species: Persedea exquisita Richter, 2001, by original designation.

Rossimyiops achilleae (Kugler, 1972)

Mesnilomyia achilleae Kugler, 1972: 107. Holotype male (TAU). Israel (‘Arad).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: St. Catherine, Wadi El-Arbaein, Wadi Shag.

Dates of collection: July.

Rossimyiops magnificus (Kugler, 1972)

Mesnilomyia magnifica Kugler, 1972: 105. Holotype male (TAU). Israel (‘Arad).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Iraq, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Sinai: Tarfat El-Kadarin, Wadi Nazeb, Wadi Sa’al, Nueiba’.

Dates of collection: April to September.

Tribe SIPHONINI

Genus ACTIA Robineau-Desvoidy

Actia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 85. Type species: Roeselia lamia Meigen, 1838, by designation under the plenary powers of ICZN.

Gymnophthalma Lioy, 1864: 1341. Type species: Tachina crassicornis Meigen, 1824, by monotypy.

Gymnopareia Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1889: 103. Type species: Tachina crassicornis Meigen, 1824, by monotypy.

Actia crassicornis (Meigen, 1824)

Tachina crassicornis Meigen, 1824: 351. Syntypes, males and females (MNHN). Probably Germany (Stolberg). See O’Hara (2009).

Thryptocera bicolor Macquart, 1834: 312. France (Lille).

Thryptocera flavipalpis Macquart, 1848: 135. Switzerland (Ütliberg).

Thryptocera nigripalpis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851: 182. France.

Thryptocera palpalis Rondani, 1859: 14. Italy (Parma).

Thryptocera claripennis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 716 France,

Thryptocera scutellaris Rondani, 1865: 195. Italy (Parma).

Distribution: PA: China, Egypt, Europe (all), Japan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Transcaucasia.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Alexandria. Eastern Desert: Ismailia. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu Rawash, Dokki, Giza, Kerdassa. Sinai: El-Arish. Upper Nile Valley: Assiout.

Dates of collection: April to September.

Genus PERIBAEA Robineau-Desvoidy

Herbstia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851: 184 (junior homonym of Herbstia Edwards, 1834). Type species: Herbstia tibialis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851, by monotypy.

Peribaea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863a: 720. Type species: Peribaea apicalis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863 (= Herbstia tibialis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851), by subsequent designation of Coquillett (1910: 587).

Strobliomyia Townsend, 1926a: 31. Type species: Tryptocera fissicornis Strobl, 1910 (as “Thryptocera fissicornis”) (= Thryptocera setinervis Thomson, 1869), by original designation.

Peribaea orbata (Wiedemann, 1830)

Tachina orbata Wiedemann, 1830: 336. Neotype female (BMNH). India (Assam: Azra).

Gymnopareia (Actia) aegyptia Villeneuve, 1913a: 508. Egypt (Qaliûb).

Actia nigripes Curran, 1927a: 6. D.R. Congo (Bas-Congo: Boma).

Strobliomyia sororcula Mesnil, 1954: 16. D.R. Congo (Nord-Kivu: Rutshuru).

Distribution: AF: Widespread. OR: India, Indonesia, Orien. China [see O’Hara and Cerretti 2016: 19], Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Ryukyu Is., Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand. PA: Japan, Israel, North Africa, P. China. AU: Australia, Melanesia, Micronesia, N. Australasian.

Egyptian localities: Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Giza, Sidi Ghazi, Torah. Upper Nile Valley: Beni Morr (Assiout).

Dates of collection: May to August.

Peribaea palaestina (Villeneuve, 1934)

Actia palaestina Villeneuve, 1934a: 57. Holotype female (SMNS). Israel, (Rehovot [as “Rehoboth”]).

Actia alipes Villeneuve, 1942: 134. Egypt (Asswan [as “Assuan”]).

Distribution: AF: U.A. E., Yemen. PA: C. Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), China, Egypt, Iran, Israel.

Egyptian localities and dates of collection are not precisely known.

Genus SIPHONA Meigen

Crocuta Meigen, 1800: 39. Name suppressed by ICZN.

Siphona Meigen, 1803: 281. Type species: Musca geniculata De Geer, 1776, by designation under the plenary powers of ICZN.

Subgenus SIPHONA Meigen, 1803 —Nominotypical subgenus.

Siphona (Siphona) efflatouni Mesnil, 1960

Siphona efflatouni Mesnil, 1960: 188. Holotype female (CNC). Egypt (Mariout).

Distribution: PA: Egypt, Israel.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Mariout. Sinai: El-Arish.

Dates of collection: March to August.

Tribe TACHININI

Genus PELETERIA Robineau-Desvoidy

Peleteria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 39. Type species: Peleteria abdominalis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, by subsequent designation of Coquillett (1910: 586).

Cuphocera Macquart, 1845: 267. Type species: Micropalpus ruficornis Macquart, 1835, by original designation.

Acuphocera Townsend, 1926b: 37. Type species: Acuphocera sumatrensis Townsend, 1926 (= Tachina iavana Wiedemann, 1819), by original designation.

Pleropeleteria Villeneuve, 1916: 470. Type species: Dejeania (Pleropeleteria) peringueyi Villeneuve, 1916 (= Tachina lithanthrax Wiedemann, 1830), by monotypy.

Peletieriana Mesnil, 1970a: 951 (as subgenus of Peleteria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, as “Peletieria”). Type species: Echinomyia rustica Karsch, 1886, by original designation.

Peleteria meridionalis (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830)

Faurella meridionalis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 41. Type(s) not located. France.

Echinomyia ruficeps Macquart, 1845: 263. Italy.

Peleteria vernalis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 617. France (Hyeres).

Peleteria pedemontana Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 619. Italy.

Peleteria algira Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 621. Algeria.

Peletieria capitata Zimin, 1961: 265. Turkmenistan (Chandyr Valley).

Distribution: PA: Algeria, Egypt, Isael, Italy, Kirghizia, Russia, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasia, Uzbekistan.

Egyptian localities: Coastal Strip: Alexandria, Mariout. Fayoum: ?. Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Kerdassa, Dokki, Maadi. Sinai: El-Arish. Upper Nile Valley: Assiout.

Dates of collection: November to April.

List of doubtful taxa (Nomina Dubia) described from Egypt: (see Herting and Dely-Draskovits 1993)
  • Catabucentes abdominalis Villeneuve, 1934b: 72. Egypt (Lower Egypt).

  • Eurigaster incisus Walker, 1871: 340. Egypt (Hot Tamanib).

  • Eurigaster leucomelas Walker, 1871: 339. Egypt.

  • Frontina latifascia Walker, 1871: 340. Egypt (Wadi Genneh).

  • Reaumuria olivieri Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 82. Egypt.

  • Reaumuria virescens Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863b: 741. Egypt.

Conclusion

As a final conclusion, this catalogue treats a total of 72 tachinid species belonging to 42 genera, 15 tribes and 4 subfamilies in Egypt. Synonymies, type localities, type depositories, world distributions by biogeographic realm(s) and country, Egyptian localities and dates of collection are provided for all Egyptian taxa.

Abbreviations

List of abbreviations used throughout the catalogue

C.: 

Central

E.: 

East

Eur.: 

Europe

ICZN: 

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature

I., Is.: 

Island, islands

M.: 

Middle

N.: 

North

Ne.: 

Northeast

Nw.: 

Northwest

nr.: 

near

Pal.: 

Palaearctic

S.: 

South

St.: 

Saint

var.: 

Variety

W.: 

West

Museum abbreviations used throughout the catalogue

BMNH: 

Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)], London, United Kingdom

CNC: 

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

EFC: 

Collection of Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt (Efflatoun’s collection)

LSUK: 

Linnaean Collections, The Linnean Society of London, London, United Kingdom

MHNL: 

Musée d’Histoire Naturelle de Lille, Lille, France

MNHN: 

Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

MRSN: 

Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino [Turin], Italy

MZF: 

Museo Zoologico “La Specola”, Firenze [Florence], Italy

MZLU: 

Museum of Zoology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

NHMW: 

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Wien [Vienna], Austria

NHRS: 

Naturhistoriska riksmuseet [Swedish Museum of Natural History], Stockholm, Sweden

NMBA: 

Naturhistorisches Museum der Benediktiner-Abtei Admont, Admont, Austria

PPDD: 

Ministry of Agriculture Collection, Plant Protection Research Institute, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

SMF: 

Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

SMNS: 

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany

TAU: 

Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

USNM: 

National Museum of Natural History [formerly United States National Museum], Smithsonian Institution, Washington, District of Columbia, USA

ZIN: 

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia

ZMHB: 

Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany

ZMUC: 

Zoological Museum, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

ZMUH: 

Universität von Hamburg, Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg, Germany

Biogeographic Realm abbreviations used throughout the catalogue

AF: 

Afrotropical

AU: 

Australasian

NE: 

Nearctic

NT: 

Neotropical

OR: 

Oriental

PA: 

Palaearctic

Declarations

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Dr. Amnon Freidberg and Dr. Tatyana Novoselsky, Tel Aviv University, Israel for supplying me with some relevant papers. I am grateful to Dr. Ashraf Al-Torky, Plant Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt, for his help throughout this study.

Funding

No funding.

Availability of data and materials

Data supporting the conclusions of this article are presented in the main manuscript.

Author’s contributions

This is a single author study. The author read and approved the final manuscript.

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The author declares that he has no competing interests.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

References

  1. Becker T (1908) Dipteren der Kanarischen Inseln. Mitt Zool Mus Berlin 4:1–180Google Scholar
  2. Becker T (1910) Dipteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokótra. Kaiserl Akad Wiss Wien, Math Naturwiss Kl, Denkschr 71:131–160Google Scholar
  3. Bezzi M (1922) Contributo allo studio della fauna Libica. Ditteri di Cirenaica raccolti dal Rev Miss Don Vito Zanon Mem Soc entomol ital 1: 140–157Google Scholar
  4. Bezzi M, Lamb CG (1926) Diptera (excluding Nematocera) from the island of Rodriguez. Trans Entomol Soc Lond 58(1925):537–573Google Scholar
  5. Bigot JMF (1881) Diptères nouveaux ou peu connus. 17e partie. XXVI. Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér. 6 1:363–371Google Scholar
  6. Bigot JMF (1888) Enumeration des Dipteres recueillis en Tunisie dans la Mission de 1884 par M. Valery Mayet membre de la Mission de l’Exploration Scientifique de la Tunisie, et description des speces nouvelles. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie, publiée sous les auspices du Ministère de l'Instruction Publique. Zoologie, p 11Google Scholar
  7. Brauer F (1893) Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Muscaria schizometopa (exclusive Anthomyidae) von Prof. Dr. Fr. Brauer und Julius Edl. v. Bergenstamm. Verh k k zool-bot Ges Wien 43(Abhandlungen):447–525Google Scholar
  8. Brauer F (1898) Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Muscaria schizometopa. I. Bemerkungen zu den Originalexemplaren der von Bigot, Macquart und Robineau-Desvoidy beschriebenen Muscaria schizometopa aus Sammlung des Herrn G.H. Verrall. Zweite Folge. Sber Akad Wiss Wien, Abteilung I 107:493–546Google Scholar
  9. Brauer F, von Bergenstamm JE (1889) Die Zweiflügler des Kaiserlichen museums zu Wien. IV. Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Muscaria schizometopa (exclusive Anthomyidae). Pars I. Denkschr Akad Wiss Wien 56(1):69–180 + 11 plsGoogle Scholar
  10. Brauer F, von Bergenstamm JE (1891) Die Zweiflügler des Kaiserlichen Museums zu Wien. V. Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Muscaria schizometopa (exclusive Anthomyidae). Pars II. F Tempsky, Wien:142Google Scholar
  11. Brauer F, von Bergenstamm JE (1893) Die Zweiflügler des Kaiserlichen Museums zu Wien. VI. Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Muscaria Schizometopa (exclusive Anthomyidae). Pars III. F Tempsky, Wien:152Google Scholar
  12. Cerretti P, Freidberg A (2009) Updated checklist of the Tachinidae of Israel. Tachinid Times 22:9–16Google Scholar
  13. Cerretti P, Tschorsnig HP (2010) Annotated host catalogue for the Tachinidae (Diptera) of Italy. Stutt Beitr Naturk, Serie A (Biologie) 3:305–340Google Scholar
  14. Coquillett DW (1910) The type-species of the North American genera of Diptera. Proc U S Natl Mus 37(1719):499–647View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  15. Costa OG (1844) Descrizione di dodici specie nuove dell'ordine de’Ditteri ed illustrazione di altre quattordici meno ovvie raccolte nella state del 1834. Atti Accad Sci Napoli 5(2):81–107Google Scholar
  16. Curran CH (1927a) New African Tachinidae. Am Mus Novit 258:1–20Google Scholar
  17. Curran CH (1927b) Studies in African Tachinidae (Diptera). Bull Entomol Res 17:319–340View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  18. Curran CH (1927c) Studies in African Tachinidae (Diptera). Bull Entomol Res 18:103–128. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300019787 View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  19. Curtis J (1837) British Entomology; being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland: containing coloured figures from nature of the most rare and beautiful species, and in many instances of the plants upon which they are found, vol 14. Privately published, London, pp 626–673Google Scholar
  20. Cuthbertson A, Munro HK (1941) Some records of tachinid parasites and their insect hosts in southern Africa. Trans Rhodesia Sci Assoc 38:88–118Google Scholar
  21. De Geer C (1776) Memoires pour servir a l’histoire des insectes. Tome sixieme. P. Hesselberg, Stockholm, p viii + 522Google Scholar
  22. El-Hawagry M (2015) Catalogue of Superfamily Asiloidea. Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrücken, p 196Google Scholar
  23. El-Hawagry M (2017) Catalogue of Egyptian Tephritoidea (Diptera: Schizophora: Acalyptratae). Zootaxa 4299(2):151–190. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4299.2.1 View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  24. El-Hawagry M, Gilbert F (2014) Zoogeographical affinities and faunal relationships of bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) in Egypt. Zool Middle East 60(1):50–56. https://doi.org/10.1080/09397140.2014.892339 View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  25. Enderlein G (1934) Entomologische Ergebnisse der Deutsch-Russischen alai-Pamir-expedition 1928 (III). 1. Diptera. Dtsch Entomol Z 1933:129–146Google Scholar
  26. Enderlein G (1937) Dipterologica. IV. Sitz. Ges Nat Freunde Berlin 1936(3):431–443Google Scholar
  27. Fabricius JC (1787) Mantissa insectorum sistens species nuper detectas adiectis synonymis, observationibus, descriptionibus, emendationibus, vol 2, Hafniae, Impensis C. G. Proft (= Copenhagen, Denmark), p 382Google Scholar
  28. Fallén CF (1810) Försök att bestämma de i Sverige funne flugarter, som kunna föras till slägtet Tachina. K Svenska Vetensk Akad Handl, Ser. 2 31:253–287Google Scholar
  29. Fallén CF (1820a) Monographia Muscidum Sveciae. [part I.]. Berlingianis, Lundae [= Lund], pp 1–12Google Scholar
  30. Fallén CF (1820b) Monographia Muscidum Sveciae. [part III.]. Berlingianis, Lundae [= Lund], pp 25–40Google Scholar
  31. Girschner E (1887) Die europäischen Arten der Dipterengattung Alophora. Zeitsch Ges Naturwiss 60:375–426Google Scholar
  32. Girschner E (1901) Ueber eine neue Tachinide und die Scutellarbeborstung der Musciden. Wien Entomol Zeit 20:69–72Google Scholar
  33. Gistel J (1848) Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs. Für höhere Schulen. R. Hoffmann, Stuttgart, p xvi + 216Google Scholar
  34. Hartig T (1838) Über die parasitischen Zweiflügler des Waldes. Jber Fortschr forsiwiss Forst Naturk 1:275–306Google Scholar
  35. Hermann F, Villeneuve J (1909) Diptera. Aus der Sinaihalbinsel. In: Kneucker A (ed) Zoologische Ergebnisse zweier in den Jahren 1902 und 1904 durch die Sinaihalbinsel unternommener botanischer Studienreisen nebst zoologischen Beobachtungen aus Ägypten, Palästina und Syrien, pp 147–159 Verh. naturw. Ver. Karlsruhe, 21: 79–165Google Scholar
  36. Herting B (1984) Catalogue of Palearctic Tachinidae (Diptera). Stuttg Beitr Naturk, Serie A (Biologie) 369:1–228Google Scholar
  37. Herting B, Dely-Draskovits Á (1993) Family Tachinidae, pp. 118–458. In: Soós Á, Papp L (eds) Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Volume 13. Anthomyiidae—Tachinidae. Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, p 624Google Scholar
  38. ICZN (1963) International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Opinion 678. The suppression under the Plenary Powers of the pamphlet published by Meigen, 1800. Bull Zool Nom 20: 339–342.Google Scholar
  39. ICZN (1999) International code of zoological nomenclature (4 ed.). International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hostedsites/iczn/code/.Google Scholar
  40. Irwin ME, Schlinger EI, Thompson FC (2003) Diptera, true flies. In: Goodman SM, Benstead JP (eds) The natural history of Madagascar. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 692–698Google Scholar
  41. Kugler J (1966) Species of the genus Leucostoma (Tachinidae, Phasiinae) in Israel. Isr J Zool 15:173–182Google Scholar
  42. Kugler J (1971) Tachinidae of Israel. IV. Description of ten new species. Isr J Zool 20:69–88Google Scholar
  43. Kugler J (1972) Tachinidae of Israel, V. Mesnilomyia and Palmonia, two new genera of Tachinidae (Diptera). Isr J Zool 21:103–112Google Scholar
  44. Kugler J (1977) Neue Tachinidae aus Israel (Diptera). Stuttg Beitr Naturk, Serie A (Biologie) 301:1–14Google Scholar
  45. Kugler J (1978a) A revision of the tachinid fly genus Plesina (Diptera: Tachinidae). Entomol Ger 4:84–96Google Scholar
  46. Kugler J (1978b) Leucostoma edentata n. sp. and Dionomelia hennigi n. gen., n. sp., two new Leucostomatini from Israel (Diptera: Tachinidae: Phasiinae). Entomol Ger 4:344–348Google Scholar
  47. Kugler J (1980a) New taxa of Tachinidae (Diptera) with a list of the species from Israel and adjacent territories. Isr J Zool 13(1979):27–60Google Scholar
  48. Kugler J (1980b) A new name to replace Ramona Kugler, 1980 (Diptera: Tachinidae). Isr J Zool 14:67Google Scholar
  49. Latreille PA (1804) Tableau méthodique des insectes. In: Société de Naturalistes et d’Agriculteurs, nouveau dictionnaire d’histoire naturelle, appliquée aux arts, principalement à l’agriculture et à l’économie rurale et domestique. Pp. 129–200. Tome XXIV [Section 3]: Tableaux méthodiques d’histoire naturelle. Déterville, Paris, p 84 + 4 + 85 + 238 + 18 + 34Google Scholar
  50. Latreille PA (1805) Histoire naturelle, genérale et particuliere, des crustacés et des insectes. Ouvrage faisant suite aux oeuvres de Leclerc de Buffon, et partie du cours complet d’histoire naturelle rédigé par C.S. Sonnini, membre de plusieurs Sociétés savantes. Tome quatorzième. F. Dufart, Paris, p 432Google Scholar
  51. Linnaeus C (1758) Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum caracteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, vol 1, 10th edn. L. Salvii, Holmiae [= Stockholm], p 824Google Scholar
  52. Lioy P (1864) I ditteri distribuiti secondo un nuovo metodo di classificazione naturale. Atti Ist veneto Sci, Ser. 3 9:1311–1352Google Scholar
  53. Loew H (1844) Zur Kenntnis der Ocyptera-Arten. Stettin Entomol Zeit 5:226–240 266–269Google Scholar
  54. Loew H (1845) Noch einige Bemerkungen uber die Gattung Ocyptera. Stettin Entomol Zeit 6:170–183Google Scholar
  55. Loew H (1852) Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königl. Preufs. Akad Wiss Berlin 1852:658–661Google Scholar
  56. Loew H (1871) Beschreibung europäischer Dipteren. Zweiter Band. Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insecten. Von Johann Wilhelm Meigen. Neunter Theil oder dritter Supplementband. H.W. Schmidt, Halle, p viii + 319Google Scholar
  57. Macquart J (1834) Insectes diptères du nord de la France. Athéricères: créophiles, oestrides, myopaires, conopsaires, scénopiniens, céphalopsides. Mem Soc Sci Agric Lille 1833:137–368Google Scholar
  58. Macquart J (1845) Nouvelles observations sur les insectes diptères de la tribu des tachinaires. Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér. 2 3:237–296Google Scholar
  59. Macquart J (1848) Nouvelles observations sur les diptères d’Europe de la tribu des tachinaires. (Suite.) Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér. 2 6:85–138Google Scholar
  60. Macquart J (1851a) Nouvelles observations sur les diptères d’Europe de la tribu des tachinaires. Suite. Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér 2 8(1850):437–492Google Scholar
  61. Macquart J (1851b) Diptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Suite du 4.E supplément publié dans les Mémoires de 1849. Mem Soc Sci Agric Lille 1850:134–294Google Scholar
  62. Macquart PJM (1849) Huitième ordre. Les Diptères. In: Exploration scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842. Lucas, P. H. (Ed). Sciences physiques, Zoologie III. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes. Bertrand, Paris, pp 1–527Google Scholar
  63. Macquart PJM (1850) Nouvelles observations sur les dipteres d’Europe de la tribu des Tachinaires (suite) [concl.] Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér 2 7(1849):357–418Google Scholar
  64. Meigen JW (1800) Nouvelle classification des mouches à deux ailes (Diptera L.) d’après un plan tout nouveau. J.J. Fuchs, Paris, p 40View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  65. Meigen JW (1803) Versuch einer neuen GattungsEintheilung der europäischen zweiflügligen Insekten. Mag Insekt 2:259–281Google Scholar
  66. Meigen JW (1824) Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Vierter Theil. Schulz-Wundermann, Hamm, p xii + 428Google Scholar
  67. Meigen JW (1826) Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Fünfter Theil. Schulz, Hamm, p xii + 412Google Scholar
  68. Meigen JW (1830) Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Sechster Theil. Schulz, Hamm, p xi + 401Google Scholar
  69. Meigen JW (1838) Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Siebenter Theil oder Supplementband. Schulz, Hamm, p xii + 434Google Scholar
  70. Mesnil LP (1939) Essai sur les tachinaires (Larvaevoridae). Monogr Cent Nat Rech Agron 7:1–67Google Scholar
  71. Mesnil LP (1946) Revision des Phorocerini de l’Ancien Monde (Larvaevoridae). Encyc Entomol Série B Mémoires et Notes II Diptera 10:37–80Google Scholar
  72. Mesnil LP (1949) Essai de révision des espèces du genre Drino Robineau-Desvoidy Sturmiinae a oeufs macrotypes. Bull Insti R Sci Nat Belg 25(42):1–38Google Scholar
  73. Mesnil LP (1953a) A new tachinid parasite of an embiopteron. Proc R Entomol Soc Lond Series B Taxonomy 22:145–146Google Scholar
  74. Mesnil LP (1953b) Nouveaux tachinaires d’Orient. (1re partie). Bull Insti R Sci Nat Belg 89:85–114Google Scholar
  75. Mesnil LP (1954) Genres Actia Robineau-Desvoidy et voisins (Diptera Brachycera Calyptratae). Exploration du Parc National Albert, Mission GF de Witte (1933–1935) 81:1–41Google Scholar
  76. Mesnil LP (1955) 64g. Larvaevorinae (Tachininae). Flieg Palaearkt Reg 10(Lieferung 186):417–464Google Scholar
  77. Mesnil LP (1956) 64g. Larvaevorinae (Tachininae). Flieg Palaearkt Reg 10(Lieferung 192):513–554Google Scholar
  78. Mesnil LP (1960) Note préliminaire sur les Siphona Meig. (Dipt. Tachinidae) d’Europe et du bassin méditerranéen. Bull Ann Soc R Entomol Belg 96:187–192Google Scholar
  79. Mesnil LP (1962) 64g. Larvaevorinae (Tachininae). Flieg Palaearkt Reg 10(Lieferung 224):753–800Google Scholar
  80. Mesnil LP (1970a) 64g. Larvaevorinae (Tachininae). Flieg Palaearkt Reg 10(Lieferung 281):1–1435Google Scholar
  81. Mesnil LP (1970b) Description de nouveaux tachinaires de l’Ancien Monde, et notes synonymiques (Diptera, Tachinidae). Mushi 44:89–123Google Scholar
  82. Mik J (1891) Dipterologische Miscellen. XIX. Wien Entomol Zeit 10:189–194Google Scholar
  83. O’Hara JE (2008) Tachinid flies (Diptera: Tachinidae). In: Capinera JL (ed) Encyclopedia of Entomology, 2nd edn. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 3675–3686Google Scholar
  84. O’Hara JE (2009) Resurrection of the name Pachycheta Portschinsky for a genus of Tachinidae (Diptera). Zootaxa 1989:66–68Google Scholar
  85. O’Hara JE (2013) History of tachinid classification (Diptera, Tachinidae). ZooKeys 316:1–34View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  86. O’Hara JE (2016) World genera of the Tachinidae (Diptera) and their regional occurrence. Version 9.0. PDF document, 93 pp. Available from: http://www.nadsdiptera.org/Tach/WorldTachs/Genera/Gentach_ver9.pdf. Accessed 12 Feb 2018
  87. O’Hara JE, Cerretti P (2016) Annotated catalogue of the Tachinidae (Insecta, Diptera) of the Afrotropical region, with the description of seven new genera. ZooKeys 575:1–344. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.575.6072 View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  88. O’Hara JE, Shima H, Zhang C (2009) Annotated catalogue of the Tachinidae (Insecta: Diptera) of China. Zootaxa 2190:1–236Google Scholar
  89. Pape T, Blagoderov V, Mostovski MB (2011) Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.Q. (Ed.), animal biodiversity: an outline of higher–level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148:222–229Google Scholar
  90. Pape T, Thompson FC (2017) Systema Dipterorum. Version 2.0. Available from: http://www.diptera.org/. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  91. Perris E (1847) Lettre de M. Edouard Perris a M. M sur une excursion dans les Grandes Landes. Mem Acad Sci Belles-Lett Lyon 2:433–506Google Scholar
  92. Perris E (1852) Seconde excursion dans les Grandes-Landes. Ann Soc Linn Lyon 1850/1852:145–216View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  93. Richter VA (2001) A new genus and species of tachinid flies (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Iran. Int J Dipterol Res 12:25–28Google Scholar
  94. Robineau-Desvoidy JB (1830) Essai sur les myodaires. Mém. prés. div. Sav Acad Sci Inst Fr, Sér. 2 2:1–813Google Scholar
  95. Robineau-Desvoidy JB (1844) Études sur les myodaires des environs de Paris. Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér. 2 2:5–38Google Scholar
  96. Robineau-Desvoidy JB (1850) Myodaires des environs de Paris. Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér. 2 8:183–209Google Scholar
  97. Robineau-Desvoidy JB (1851) Myodaires des environs de Paris. Ann Soc Entomol Fr, Sér. 2 9:177–190Google Scholar
  98. Robineau-Desvoidy JB (1853) Sur les eclosions de plusieurs especes de Dipteres, obtenues par le docteur Moret, Medicin a Auxerre. Bull Soc Sci Hist Nat Yonne 7:531–536Google Scholar
  99. Robineau-Desvoidy JB (1863a) Histoire naturelle des diptères des environs de Paris. Tome premier. V. Masson et fils, Paris; F. Wagner, Leipzig, and Williams and Norgate, London, p 1143Google Scholar
  100. Robineau-Desvoidy JB (1863b). Histoire naturelle des diptères des environs de Paris. Tome second. Victor Masson et fils, Paris; Franz Wagner, Leipzig, and Williams and Norgate, London, p 920Google Scholar
  101. Rohdendorf BB (1924) Eine neue Tachiniden-Gattung aus Turkestan. Zool Anz 58:228–231Google Scholar
  102. Rohdendorf BB (1928) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Salmacia- (Gonia-) Gruppe. (Diptera, Tachinidae). Zool Anz 78:97–102Google Scholar
  103. Rohdendorf BB (1931) Records of Tachinidae (Larvaevoridae), with new African species (Dipt.) Ann Mag Nat Hist, Ser. 10 8:347–351View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  104. Rondani C (1845) Descrizione di due generi nuovi di insetti ditteri. Memoria duodecima per servire alla ditterologia italiana. Nuovi Ann Sci Nat Bologna, Ser. 3 2:25–36Google Scholar
  105. Rondani C (1850) Osservazioni sopra alquante specie di esapodi ditteri del Museo Torinese. Nuovi Ann Sci Nat Bologna, Ser. 3 2:165–197Google Scholar
  106. Rondani C (1856) Dipterologiae Italicae prodromus. Vol: I. Genera Italica ordinis Dipterorum ordinatim disposita et distincta et in familias et stirpes aggregata. A. Stocchi [as “Stoccih”], Parmae [= Parma], p 226View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  107. Rondani C (1859) Dipterologiae Italicae prodromus. Vol: III. Species Italicae ordinis Dipterorum in genera characteribus definita, ordinatim collectae, methodo analitica distinctae, et novis vel minus cognitis descriptis. Pars secunda. Muscidae. Siphoninae et (partim) Tachininae. A. Stocchi, Parmae [= Parma], p 243Google Scholar
  108. Rondani C (1861a) Dipterologiae Italicae prodromus. Vol. IV. Species Italicae ordinis Dipterorum in genera characteribus definita, ordinatim collectae, methodo analatica distinctae, et novis vel minus cognitis descriptis. Pars tertia. Muscidae. Tachininarum complementum. A. Stocchi, Parmae [= Parma], p 174Google Scholar
  109. Rondani C (1861b) Species europeae generis Phasiae Latreillei observatae et distinctae. Atti Soc Ital Sci Nat Mus Civ Stor Nat Milano 3:205–220Google Scholar
  110. Rondani C (1865) Diptera Italica non vel minus cognita descripta vel annotata observationibus nonnullis additis. Fasc. II. Muscidae. Atti Soc Ital Sci. Nat Mus Civ Stor Nat Milano 8:193–231Google Scholar
  111. Sabrosky CW, Arnaud PH Jr (1965) Family Tachinidae (Larvaevoridae). In: Stone A, Sabrosky CW, Wirth WW, Foote RH, Coulson JR (eds) A catalog of the Diptera of America north of Mexico. United States Department of Agriculture, pp 961–1108 Agriculture Handbook 276. iv + 1696 ppGoogle Scholar
  112. Speiser P (1910) Cyclorapha, Aschiza. In: Sjöstedt Y (ed) Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der schwedischen zoologischen expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den umgebenden Massaisteppen, pp 113–198 Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905–1906 unter Leitung von Prof. Dr. Yngve Sjöstedt. 2. Band [Abteilung] 10 (Diptera). P. Palmquist, Stockholm. 202 ppGoogle Scholar
  113. Steyskal GC, El-Bialy S (1967) A list of Egyptian Diptera with a bibliography and key to families. Min Agric Tech Bull 3:12–18Google Scholar
  114. Stireman JO, O’Hara JE, Wood DM (2006) Tachinidae: evolution, behavior, and ecology. Annu Rev Entomol 51:525–555PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  115. Strobl G (1906) Spanische Dipteren. II. Beitrag. Mem Real Soc Esp Hist Nat 3(1905):271–422Google Scholar
  116. Tooker JF, Hauser M, Hanks LM (2006) Floral host plants of Syrphidae and Tachinidae (Diptera) of Central Illinois. Ann Entomol Soc Am 99(1):96–112View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  117. Townsend CHT (1912) A readjustment of muscoid names. Proc Entomol Soc Wash 14:45–53Google Scholar
  118. Townsend CHT (1916) Designations of muscoid genotypes, with new genera and species. Insecutor Inscit Menstr 4:4–12Google Scholar
  119. Townsend CHT (1921) Some new muscoid genera ancient and recent. Insecutor Inscit Menstr 9:132–134Google Scholar
  120. Townsend CHT (1926a) New Holarctic Muscoidea (Diptera). Insecutor Inscit. Menstr 14:24–41Google Scholar
  121. Townsend CHT (1926b) Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag Nr. 25). Diptera Muscoidea II. Suppl Ent 14:14–42Google Scholar
  122. Townsend CHT (1927) Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag Nr. 50). Diptera Muscoidea III. Suppl Ent 16:56–76Google Scholar
  123. Townsend CHT (1932) Notes on old-world oestromuscoid types. Part II. Ann Mag Nat Hist, Ser. 10 9:33–57View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  124. Townsend CHT (1933) New genera and species of old world oestromuscoid flies. J NY Entomol Soc 40(1932):439–479Google Scholar
  125. van der Wulp FM (1893) Eenige Javaansche Tachininen. Tijdschr Entomol 36:159–188Google Scholar
  126. Verbeke J (1970) In: Hanström B (ed) Diptera (Brachycera): Tachinidae (excl. Siphonina). South African animal life. Results of the Lund University expedition in 1950–1951. Almqvist & Wiksell. the University of California, USA.Google Scholar
  127. Villeneuve J (1911) Notes diptérologiques. Wien Entomol Zeit 30:84–87Google Scholar
  128. Villeneuve J (1913a) Diptères nouveaux du Nord Africain. Deuxième note. Bull Mus Hist Nat, Paris 18(1912):505–511Google Scholar
  129. Villeneuve J (1913b) Myodaires supérieurs de l’Afrique tropicale (1re liste). Rev Zool Afr 3:24–46Google Scholar
  130. Villeneuve J (1916) A contribution to the study of the south African higher Myodarii (Diptera Calyptratae) based mostly on the material in the south African museum. Ann South Afr Museum 15:469–515Google Scholar
  131. Villeneuve J (1920) Étude de quelques myodaires supérieurs (recueillis par le Dr Brauns, à Willowmore, Cap). Rev Zool Afr 8:151–162Google Scholar
  132. Villeneuve J (1923) Myodaires supérieurs d’Egypte inédits (Dipt.) Bull Soc Royale Entomol Égypte 7(1922):88–94Google Scholar
  133. Villeneuve J (1927) Tachinides nouveaux de Formose et du Congo. Rev Zool Afr 15:217–224Google Scholar
  134. Villeneuve J (1929a) Descriptions de diptères égyptiens. Bull Soc Royale Entomol Égypte 12(1928):43–46Google Scholar
  135. Villeneuve J (1929b) Diagnoses de myodaires supérieurs inédits. Bull Ann Soc Entomol Belg 69:99–102Google Scholar
  136. Villeneuve J (1929c) Propos diptérologiques. Bull Ann Soc Entomol Belg 69:181–187Google Scholar
  137. Villeneuve J (1934a) Myodaires supérieurs peu connus ou inédits de la Palestine. Konowia 13:54–57Google Scholar
  138. Villeneuve J (1934b) Myodaires supérieurs inédits d’Afrique. Rev Zool Bot Afr 26:68–72Google Scholar
  139. Villeneuve J (1936) Description de deux myodaires supérieurs (Diptera: Trixiini ou Dexiinae?). Bull Soc R Entomol Egypte 20:329–331Google Scholar
  140. Villeneuve J (1937) Notes dipterologiques. Bull Ann Soc Entomol Belg 77:404–408Google Scholar
  141. Villeneuve J (1939) Présentation de quelques myodaires supérieurs inédits. Bull Ann Soc Entomol Belg 79:347–354Google Scholar
  142. Villeneuve J (1942) Espèces inédites de la famille des Larvaevoridae (Dipt.) Bull Soc Entomol Fr 47:133–135Google Scholar
  143. Walker F (1849) List of the specimens of dipterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part IV, British Museum (Natural History), London, pp 689–1172Google Scholar
  144. Walker F (1853) Insecta Britannica. Diptera, vol II. Lovell Reeve, London, p vi + 297Google Scholar
  145. Walker F (1871) List of Diptera collected in Egypt and Arabia, by J. K. Lord, Esq., with descriptions of the species new to science. Entomologiste 5:255–263Google Scholar
  146. Westwood JO (1840) Order XIII. Diptera Aristotle. (Antliata Fabricius. Halteriptera Clairv.), pp. 125–154. In: Synopsis of the genera of British insects, p 158Google Scholar
  147. Wiedemann CRW (1819) Beschreibung neuer Zweiflügler aus Ostindien und Afrika. Zool Mag 1(3):1–39Google Scholar
  148. Wiedemann CRW (1824) Munus rectoris in Academia Christiana Albertina aditurus analecta entomologica ex Museo Regio Havniensi, Eregio typoguapheo scholarum, Kiliae [= Kiel], p 60Google Scholar
  149. Wiedemann CRW (1830) Aussereuropäische zweiflügelige Insekten. Als Fortsetzung des Meigenschen Werkes. Zweiter Theil. Schulz, Hamm, p xii + 684Google Scholar
  150. Zeller PC (1842) Dipterologische Beytrage. Zweyte Abtheilung. Isis (Oken’s), 1842, pp 807–847Google Scholar
  151. Zetterstedt JW (1844) Diptera Scandinaviae. Disposita et descripta. Tomus tertius. Officina Lundbergiana, Lundae [= Lund], pp 895–1280Google Scholar
  152. Zetterstedt JW (1859) Diptera Scandinaviae. Disposita et descripta, vol 13. Officina Lundbergiana, Lundae [= Lund], pp 4943–6190Google Scholar
  153. Zimin LS (1954) Species of the genus Linnaemyia Rob.-Desv. (Diptera, Larvaevoridae) in the fauna of the USSR. Trudy Bot Inst Akad Nauk SSSR 15:258–282Google Scholar
  154. Zimin LS (1961) A review of the Palaearctic genera and species of the subtribe Peletieriina (Diptera, Larvaevoridae). Trudy Vses Entomol Obshch 48:230–334Google Scholar

Copyright

© The Author(s) 2018

Advertisement