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Table 3 Average yield production (ton/hectare) in response to different plant extract treatments on three wheat cultivars grown under field conditions during 2020–2021 and 2021–2022

From: Effectiveness of plant extracts for repressing stem rust disease severity of wheat caused by Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici Pers under field conditions

Wheat cultivar Treatment Concentration Grain yield (Ton/hectare)
Cultivation seasons
2020/21 2021/22
Giza 168 Cinnamon extract 2% 7.25 ± 0.3bc 7.25 ± 0.6 cd
Carnation extract 2% 8.50 ± 0.3e 8.00 ± 0.3f
Ginger extract 2% 7.75 ± 0.6bc 6.75 ± 0.6c
Amistar 0.5 ml/l 7.00 ± 0.2b 6.75 ± 0.5c
Control Distilled water 5.75 ± 0.3a 5.50 ± 0.2a
Misr 2 Cinnamon extract 2% 7.00 ± 0.8b 6.50 ± 0.5b
Carnation extract 2% 8.00 ± 0.6 cd 7.75 ± 0.2e
Ginger extract 2% 7.50 ± 0.8bc 7.00 ± 0.3 cd
Amistar 0.5 ml/l 6.75 ± 0.4b 6.50 ± 0.5b
Control Distilled water 5.50 ± 0.2a 5.50 ± 0.2a
Sids 14 Cinnamon extract 2% 6.75 ± 0.4b 6.25 ± 0.5b
Carnation extract 2% 7.50 ± 0.5bc 7.00 ± 0.4 cd
Ginger extract 2% 7.00 ± 0.6b 6.75 ± 0.4c
Amistar 0.5 ml/l 6.25 ± 0.3b 6.00 ± 0.5b
Control Distilled water 5.25 ± 0.3 a 5.25 ± 0.3a
  LSD 5%   0.48 0.50
  1. Mean ± standard deviation within each column followed by the same letter are not significantly different at P < 0.05