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Table 4 Length of different developmental stages of pupae and adults of Spodoptera frugiperda fed on leaves of endophytic fungi colonized (seed treated) and non-colonized (control) young maize

From: Endophytic fungi from South Sumatra (Indonesia) in seed-treated corn seedlings Affecting development of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Isolate Species Length of different developmental stages (days)
Prepupae Pupae Female adult Male adult Egg Total life span
Control 3.61 6.95b 4.82a 4.40a 2.59c 32.51d
JGTP240521A Beauveria bassiana 3.68 9.71a 4.37ab 3.28b 3.22abc 41.62a
WTTJC260521A Beauveria bassiana 3.11 10.24a 4.21ab 3.40b 2.74bc 39.21ab
WTTJC260521B Metarhizium anisopliae 3.65 7.43b 4.52ab 3.63b 2.84bc 35.44c
WTTJC290521A Beauveria bassiana 3.79 9.85a 3.99b 4.34a 3.39ab 40.05a
WTTJC290521B Beauveria bassiana 3.22 10.58a 4.23ab 3.52b 3.27abc 40.57a
JGNT300521 Beauveria bassiana 3.71 9.49a 4.93a 4.58a 3.65a 37.25bc
F-value 0.95 ns 22.43* 5.12* 49.86* 6.39* 34.57*
P-value 0.50  < 0.0001 0.008  < 0.0001 0.003  < 0.0001
HSD value 1.47 0.17 0.09 0.19 0.22
  1. ns = not significantly different * = significantly different; values within a column followed by the same letters were not significantly different at P < 0.05 according to Tukey's HSD test