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Table 3 Length of different developmental stages of instar larvae of Spodoptera frugiperda fed on leaves of endophytic fungi colonized (seed treated) and non-colonized (control) young maize

From: Endophytic fungi from South Sumatra (Indonesia) in seed-treated corn seedlings Affecting development of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Isolate Species Length of different developmental larval instars (days)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
Control 2.67 3.34c 2.36d 2.27c 3.26b 3.23b
JGTP240521A Beauveria bassiana 2.71 3.66b 5.70a 4.45a 3.95a 3.86ab
WTTJC260521A Beauveria bassiana 2.59 3.71b 4.00b 4.60a 2.99b 3.76ab
WTTJC260521B Metarhizium anisopliae 2.63 3.68b 2.66d 3.71b 3.65ab 3.51ab
WTTJC290521A Beauveria bassiana 2.63 3.71b 3.63a 4.46a 3.69ab 4.28a
WTTJC290521B Beauveria bassiana 2.60 4.28a 5.46a 3.79b 3.28ab 3.13b
JGNT300521 Beauveria bassiana 2.65 3.64b 3.62c 2.27c 3.37ab 3.57ab
F-value   2.37 ns 23.40* 292.73* 296.38* 4.26* 5.22*
P-value   0.10  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001 0.02 0.007
HSD value   0.07 0.90 0.07 0.22 0.21
  1. Note: ns = not significantly different * = significantly different; values within a column followed by the same letters were not significantly different at P < 0.05 according to Tukey's HSD test