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Table 3 Mean of mortality of Spodoptera frugiperda larvae treated with different conidia concentrations of the two isolates displaying the highest mortality rates in the single-concentration assay at 10-day post-treatment

From: Impact of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), invasion on maize and the native Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) in East Java, Indonesia, and evaluation of the virulence of some indigenous entomopathogenic fungus isolates for controlling the pest

Isolates Concentrations (conidia ml−1) Mortality (%)
Control (water) 0.0 e
Beauveria bassiana s.l 102 2.5 e
104 13.0 d
106 67.5 b
108 76.0 a
Trichoderma asperellum s.l 102 2.0 e
104 33.5 c
106 68.0 b
108 81.0 a
Statistics   F8,81 = 209.7; P < 0.0001
  1. Means followed by the same letters within each column are not significantly different at P < 0.05 according to DMRT