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Table 2 Mean of conidial viability of entomopathogenic fungus isolates, and mortality of Tenebrio molitor and Spodoptera frugiperda larvae treated with the isolates at 106 conidia ml−1 concentration at 10-day post-treatment

From: Impact of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), invasion on maize and the native Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) in East Java, Indonesia, and evaluation of the virulence of some indigenous entomopathogenic fungus isolates for controlling the pest

Isolate Conidial viability (%) T. molitor mortality (%) S. frugiperda mortality (%)
Control (water) 0.0 h 0.0 h
Aspergillus sp. 1 46.6 g 8.5 gh 5.5 gh
Aspergillus sp. 2 59.8 f 25.5 ef 3.5 gh
Aspergillus sp. 3 63.8 def 31.5 de 36.5 d
Aspergillus sp. 4 74.2 abc 46.5 bc 15.5 ef
Aspergillus sp. 5 43.2 g 41.5 cd 19.0 e
Aspergillus sp. 6 57.0 f 16.0 fg 9.0 fg
Beauveria bassiana s.l.* 69.0 bcde 43.5 c 62.0 b
Lecanicillium sp. 1 76.6 ab 44.0 c 48.5 c
Lecanicillium sp. 2 67.4 cde 57.0 ab 23.0 e
Lecanicillium sp. 3 44.6 g 44.5 c 34.0 d
Lecanicillium sp. 4 61.6 ef 51.5 abc 6.5 gh
Nomuraea sp. 1 77.2 a 27.5e 7.5 gh
Nomuraea sp. 2 70.6 abcd 50.5 abc 31.0 d
Trichoderma asperellum s.l.* 74.6 abc 61.5 a 71.0 a
Statistics F13,56 = 23.0; P < 0.0001 F14,135 = 22.3; P < 0.0001 F14,135 = 70.1; P < 0.0001
  1. Means followed by the same letters within each column are not significantly different at P < 0.05 according to DMRT. Asterisk (*) indicates that the isolate was further identified based on its morphological characteristics and defined sensu lato (abbreviation “s.l.”)