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Table 1 Long-term effects of feeding Neoseiulus cucumeris on Tyrophagus putrescentiae, Tetranychus urticae, and Ephestia kuehniella on the duration of different life stages (days), fecundity (eggs/female) and immature survival (%) (Mean ± SE)

From: Cost-effective and efficient factitious prey for mass production of Neoseiulus cucumeris (Acari: Phytoseiidae): assessing its quality compared with natural prey

Parameter Tyrophagus putrescentiae Tetranychus urticae Ephestia kuehniella
G1 G10 G20 G30 G1 G10 G20 G30 G1
Egg 2.26 ± 0.162aA 1.77 ± 0.169bA 2.52 ± 0.173aA 2.26 ± 0.135aA 2.41 ± 0.116aA 2.09 ± 0.177aA 2.38 ± 0.142aA 2.29 ± 0.181aA 2.43 ± 0.113
Larva 1.07 ± 0.072abA 1.05 ± 0.044bA 1.30 ± 0.096aA 1.00 ± 0.000bA 1.00 ± 0.00aA 1.47 ± 0.462aA 1.00 ± 0.00aB 1.00 ± 0.00aA 1.00 ± 0.000
Protonymph 2.92 ± 0.144aA 2.09 ± 0.061bA 2.00 ± 0.064bA 2.00 ± 0.000bA 2.10 ± 0.064aB 2.32 ± 0.131aA 1.83 ± 0.099bA 2.06 ± 0.064aA 6.80 ± 0.341
Deutonymph 4.43 ± 0.349aA 1.86 ± 0.097bA 1.90 ± 0.067bA 1.92 ± 0.056bA 1.7 ± 0.103bB 2.16 ± 0.181aA 1.86 ± 0.098abA 1.75 ± 0.126abA 7.50 ± 0.411
Pre-adult 10.71 ± 0.408aA 6.77 ± 0.231cB 7.70 ± 0.257bA 7.13 ± 0.170bcA 7.25 ± 0.157aB 7.5 ± 0.240aA 7.09 ± 0.191aA 6.92 ± 0.187aA 15.50 ± 1.317
Male longevity 38.12 ± 4.122aA 33.65 ± 3.593aA 18.33 ± 1.593bB 35.19 ± 3.631aA 22.5 ± 4.950aB 25.6 ± 2.594aA 26.33 ± 3.064aA 30.83 ± 3.691aA
Female longevity 61.19 ± 7.264aA 52.15 ± 5.180aA 36.41 ± 4.380bA 48.44 ± 4.255aA 28.68 ± 3.396aB 25.0 ± 2.567aB 25.23 ± 2.485aB 25.33 ± 3.999aB 5.50 ± 2.241
Total life span 54.62 ± 5.719aA 44.58 ± 3.853aA 31.92 ± 3.706bA 42.38 ± 3.091aA 27.45 ± 2.862aB 25.17 ± 1.915aB 25.68 ± 1.885aA 28.08 ± 2.657aB 21.00 ± 3.470
APOP 4.00 ± 0.288aA 2.54 ± 0.141bA 4.43 ± 0.961abA 2.15 ± 0.102cA 3.4 ± 0.424aA 2.75 ± 0.446aA 2.62 ± 0.208aA 2.5 ± 0.219aA
TPOP 14.60 ± 0.540aA 9.85 ± 0.310bcA 11.78 ± 1.038bA 9.15 ± 0.268cA 10.8 ± 0.506aB 10.25 ± 0.637aA 9.69 ± 0.171aB 9.83 ± 0.393aA
Oviposition period 19.53 ± 2.730abA 24.00 ± 1.731aA 13.58 ± 1.705bA 24.69 ± 1.402aA 15.2 ± 2.390aA 9.75 ± 1.797aB 12.08 ± 1.591aA 13.5 ± 3.750aA
Fecundity 27.27 ± 3.872bA 44.69 ± 3.129aA 18.27 ± 2.620bA 47.91 ± 2.465aA 27.56 ± 4.366aA 9.92 ± 2.811bB 22.76 ± 2.897aA 24.67 ± 7.019aB
Immature survival (%) 77 ± 0.080bA 100 ± 0.000aA 80 ± 0.008bA 88 ± 0.060abA 83 ± 0.076aA 86 ± 0.076aA 91 ± 0.056aA 71 ± 0.110aA 7.00 ± 0.301
  1. G generation, APOP adult pre-oviposition period, TPOP total pre-oviposition period (from egg to first oviposition)
  2. Means followed by different capital letters within the same row are comparisons between the corresponding generations of two diets. The means followed by different small letters within the same row are comparisons among different generations of each diet (P < 0.05, paired-bootstrap)