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Table 3 Microorganism agents used for the successful control of postharvest diseases of citrus, apples, grapes, and strawberries

From: Biological control strategy for postharvest diseases of citrus, apples, grapes and strawberries fruits and application in Indonesia

Microorganism agents Pathogen Mechanism of action References
Yeast
Candida saitoana Penicillium italicum Competition for nutrient and space, direct parasitism El Ghaouth et al. (2002)
C. oleophila P. digitatum
Botrytis cinerea
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
P. expansum
P. italicum
Rhizopus stolonifer
Induction of resistance Droby et al. (2002), Liu et al. (2007), Spadaro (2012)
C. sake P. digitatum
B. cinerea
P. expansum
ND Spadaro (2012)
C. ernobii Lasiodiplodia theobromae Induction of resistance Spadaro (2012)
Kloeckera apiculata P. italicum Competition for nutrient and space Long et al. (2006)
Wickerhamomyces anomalus P. digitatum Antibiosis Platania et al. (2012)
Cryptococcus laurentii Alternaria alternata
B. cinerea
R. stolonifer
Antagonist Wei et al. (2014)
Pichia guilliermondii A. alternata
B. cinerea
P. digitatum
P. expansum
P. italicum
R. stolonifer
Antagonist Sui et al. (2015)
Schwanniomyces vanrijiae combination and ethanolic extracts of propolis (EEP) P. digitatum
Mucor fructigena
Antibiosis, antioxidant Abo-Elyousr et al. (2021)
Galactomyces geotrichum M. fructigena Antagonist Madbouly et al. (2020)
Pichia kudriavzevii M. fructigena Antagonist Madbouly et al. (2020)
Meyerozyma caribbica C. gloeosporioides Antagonist Navarro-Herrera and Ortíz-Moreno (2020)
Rhodosporidium paludigenum P. digitatum ND Zhang et al. (2021)
Bacteria
Bacillus subtilis P. digitatum
A. citri
B. cinerea
C. gloeosporioide
L. theobromae
P. expansum
P. italicum
Phomopsis citri
Antibiosis Mohammadi et al. (2017)
B. amyloliquefaciens B. cinerea
C. gloeosporioides
L. theobromae
P. digitatum
P. expansum
P. italicum
R. stolonifer
Antibiosis Calvo et al. (2017)
Streptomyces sp. CACIS-1.5CA Colletotrichum sp.
Alternaria sp.
Aspergillus sp.
Botrytis sp.
Rhizoctonia sp.
Rhizopus sp.
Antagonist, antibiosis Evangelista-Martínez et al. (2020)
B. thuringiensis Guignardia citricarpa Antibiosis, induction of resistance Lucon et al. (2010)
B. licheniformis C. gloeosporioides Dothiorella gregaria Antibiosis, induction of resistance Spadaro (2012)
B. pumilus B. cinerea Antibiosis, induction of resistance Abd-El-Kareem et al. (2021)
Burkholderia cepacia C. musae Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
B. gladioli P. digitatum
P. expansum
Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
B. glathei P. digitatum Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
Brevundimunas diminuta C. gloeosporioides Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
Enterobacter aerogenes A. alternata Antibiosis Nabi et al. (2017)
E. cloacae R. stolonifer Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
Pantoea agglomerans Penicillium spp.
P. digitatum
P. expansum
P. italicum
R. stolonifer
Antibiosis, triggers H2O2 production and enzymatic activities Spadaro (2012)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Erwinia carotovora Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
P. cepacia B. cinerea
P. digitatum
P. expansum
Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
P. fluorescens B. cinerea
P. expansum
Antibiosis Wallace et al. (2018)
P. corrugata Monilinia fructicola Induction of resistance Benhamou (2004)
P. putida E. carotovora Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
P. syringae B. cinerea
G. candidum
M. fructicola
P. digitatum
P. expansum
P. italicum
Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
Serratia plymuthica Penicillium spp. Antibiosis and competition for nutrient Meziane et al. (2006)
Fungi
Verticillium lecanii P. digitatum Induction of resistance Benhamou (2004)
Aureobasidium pullulans P. digitatum
B. cinerea
P. expansum
R. stolonifer
Antibiosis Spadaro (2012)
Muscodor albus P. digitatum
P. expansum
B. cinerea
Geotrichum citri-aurantii
Production of volatile compounds Mercier and Smilanick (2005)
Acremonium breve B. cinerea ND Spadaro (2012)
T. harzianum B. cinerea
R. stolonifer
P. expansum
Antagonist Sharma et al. (2009)
T. viride P. digitatum
B. cinerea
Antagonist Sharma et al. (2009)
Trichoderma spp. L. theobromae Antagonist Sharma et al. (2009)