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Table 1 Effect of parasitism by F. melanoleuca on the longevity of P. perpusilla nymphs

From: Biological anomalies in the sugarcane leafhopper, Pyrilla perpusilla (Walker) due to parasitism by Fulgoraecia melanoleuca (Fletcher) (Lepidoptera: Epipyropidae)

Host (nymphs) stage at time of parasitism Longevity of nymphs (mean ± SE) in days Increase ( +) or decrease ( −) in days over control
1st ** **
2nd 19.00 ± 0.45a
(n = 6)
 − 8.32
3rd 31.67 ± 0.21c
(n = 25)
 + 4.35
4th 35.43 ± 0.43d
(n = 62)
 + 8.11
5th 32.02 ± 0.41c
(n = 59)
 + 4.70
Control (un-parasitized) 27.32 ± 0.30b
(n = 100)
  1. **No successful parasitism in 1st nymphal stage of P. perpusilla; Means within column followed by different letters are significantly different (p < 0.05)