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Table 3 Effect of Metarhizium anisopliae s.l. 5%AS on non-target beneficial organisms in tea gardens

From: Potential of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae s.l. in controlling live-wood eating termite, Microtermes obesi (Holmgren) (Blattodea: Termitidae) infesting tea crop

Treatments Concentration/ha Non-target beneficial insect populations (mean* ± SE)
Chrysoperla carnea Oxyopes javanus Stethorus gilvifrons
Day-0 Day-14 Day-0 Day-14 Day-0 Day-14
Metarhizium anisopliae s.l. 5%AS 600 ml$ 0.11 ± 0.002 0.12 ± 0.002 0.08 ± 0.001 0.11 ± 0.002 0.14 ± 0.003 0.16 ± 0.004
800 ml$ 0.12 ± 0.002 0.13 ± 0.002 0.09 ± 0.001 0.10 ± 0.002 0.16 ± 0.004 0.14 ± 0.004
1000 ml$ 0.10 ± 0.002 0.11 ± 0.002 0.07 ± 0.001 0.10 ± 0.002 0.17 ± 0.004 0.17 ± 0.005
1200 ml$ 0.11 ± 0.002 0.12 ± 0.002 0.08 ± 0.001 0.09 ± 0.001 0.16 ± 0.004 0.16 ± 0.005
Metarhizium anisopliae s.l. 5%AS + Thiamethoxam 25WG 1000 ml$ + 100 gm 0.10 ± 0.002 0.11 ± 0.002 0.08 ± 0.001 0.10 ± 0.002 0.17 ± 0.005 0.14 ± 0.004
Thiamethoxam 25WG 100 gm 0.12 ± 0.002 0.11 ± 0.002 0.09 ± 0.001 0.09 ± 0.001 0.14 ± 0.004 0.13 ± 0.002
Untreated control 0.12 ± 0.002 0.12 ± 0.002 0.11 ± 0.002 0.11 ± 0.002 0.16 ± 0.004 0.16 ± 0.005
  1. Values represent the mean number of non-target beneficial insect populations before treatment (0 day) and after 14 days (7 days after 2nd spray). No significant differences were recorded for each species of test insects population, between the 0 day and after 14 days (P > 0.05; independent t-test)
  2. $Containing 2 × 107 conidia/ml
  3. *Values represent the mean of three replications ± Standard Error