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Table 1 Mortality rates of Gonioctena fornicata adults exposed to Steinernema carpocapsae (Black sea isolate), S. feltiae (isolate 09-31), and S. carpocapsae Tokat-Ulas and controls over 120 h from treatment

From: Efficacy of some native entomopathogenic nematodes against the alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica (Gyllenhal) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and the lucerne beetle, Gonioctena fornicata (Brüggemann) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), adults under laboratory conditions

Mortality ± SEM*(%)
HAT** Steinernema carpocapsae (Black sea isolate) S. feltiae (isolate 09-31)
  500 IJs 1000 2000 Control 500 IJs 1000 2000 Control
32 26.6 ± 2.4b*** 50.3 ± 4.7ab 60.5 ± 0.9a 0.0 ± 0.0c 15.0 ± 1.1a1 15.4 ± 2.5a 33.7 ± 3.20a 0.0 ± 0.0b
40 55.3 ± 6.5b 68.7 ± 3.7ab 92.1 ± 3.8a 0.0 ± 0.0c 30.4 ± 2.8a 31.4 ± 3.7a 46.7 ± 3.76a 0.0 ± 0.0b
48 85.0 ± 4.3b 88.6 ± 3.1b 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0c 35.8 ± 3.6a 53.3 ± 4.6a 60.2 ± 1.38a 0.0 ± 0.0b
56 85.0 ± 4.3b 92.0 ± 3.5ab 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0c 45.4 ± 2.0a 61.0 ± 3.8a 76.1 ± 4.69a 0.0 ± 0.0b
64 90.3 ± 2.6b 96.0 ± 2.8ab 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0c 51.4 ± 1.5b 76.7 ± 6.0ab 92.0 ± 3.46a 0.0 ± 0.0c
72 93.4 ± 2.8b 97.0 ± 2.0ab 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0c 57.7 ± 2.3b 83.1 ± 5.0ab 94.7 ± 2.13a 0.0 ± 0.0c
80 98.0 ± 2.6a 97.0 ± 2.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b 57.7 ± 2.3b 83.1 ± 5.0ab 94.7 ± 2.13a 0.0 ± 0.0c
88 98.0 ± 2.6a 97.0 ± 2.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b 57.7 ± 2.3b 83.1 ± 5.0ab 94.7 ± 2.13a 0.0 ± 0.0c
96 98.0 ± 2.6a 99.7 ± 0.9a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b 77.9 ± 2.5a 85.2 ± 4.6a 94.7 ± 2.13a 0.0 ± 0.0b
104 98.0 ± 2.6a 99.7 ± 0.9a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b 82.7 ± 1.5a 88.6 ± 3.1a 94.7 ± 2.13a 0.0 ± 0.0b
112 98.0 ± 2.6a 99.7 ± 0.9a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b 91.5 ± 2.9a 94.7 ± 2.1a 94.7 ± 2.13a 0.0 ± 0.0b
120 99.3 ± 2.0a 99.7 ± 0.9a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b 91.5 ± 2.9a 97.0 ± 2.0a 97.0 ± 2.00a 0.0 ± 0.0b
  S. carpocapsae Tokat-Ulas
500 IJs 1000 2000 Control
32 57.0 ± 0.9b 66.1 ± 2.8ab 88.6 ± 3.1a 0.0 ± 0.0c
40 85.8 ± 1.3a 84.6 ± 2.5a 97.0 ± 2.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
48 94.7 ± 2.2a 97.0 ± 2.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
56 97.6 ± 2.0a 97.0 ± 2.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
64 99.4 ± 1.3a 98.7 ± 1.6a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
72 99.4 ± 1.3a 98.7 ± 1.6a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
80 99.4 ± 1.3a 98.7 ± 1.6a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
88 100.0 ± 0.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
120 100.0 ± 0.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 100.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0b
  1. *SEM: standard error of the mean
  2. **HAT: hours after treatment
  3. ***Means in a line followed by the same letter are not statistical significantly different (ANOVA P < 0.05, Tukey’s test)