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Table 4 The mean pupation, adult emergence, and egg eclosion (% ± SE) of the 2nd and 4th instars (n = 20) of Spodoptera exigua larvae treated with nucleopolyhedrovirus alone and in combination with chlorantraniliprole

From: Evaluation of indigenous the nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in combination with chlorantraniliprole against Spodoptera species

Treatments (POB ml−1) Pupation Adult emergence Egg eclosion
2nd instar 4th instar 2nd instar 4th instar 2nd instar 4th instar
NPV-1 (1 × 104) 82.52 ± 1.43 78.59 ± 2.58 69.89 ± 1.75 79.26 ± 1.88 74.94 ± 3.40 87.23 ± 5.55
NPV-2 (6 × 104) 72.70 ± 1.14 71.30 ± 2.54 64.44 ± 2.65 75.56 ± 2.12 62.72 ± 2.60 77.54 ± 4.25
NPV-3 (3 × 105) 60.44 ± 1.59 65.52 ± 2.14 52.22 ± 3.14 65.93 ± 2.17 49.53 ± 3.17 58.08 ± 3.99
Chl 51.89 ± 2.45 41.22 ± 1.93 44.07 ± 1.17 51.74 ± 2.38 40.68 ± 5.26 49.29 ± 5.07
NPV-1+ Chl 30.37 ± 0.00 34.07 ± 2.24 36.67 ± 3.06 50.37 ± 1.91 33.38 ± 2.17 42.14 ± 2.98
NPV-2+Chl 21.59 ± 1.85 20.56 ± 1.48 12.00 ± 2.66 32.44 ± 1.82 20.99 ± 2.10 25.07 ± 4.88
NPV-3+Chl 5.33 ± 1.37 12.30 ± 3.17 4.15 ± 2.74 17.59 ± 1.54 5.50 ± 1.23 9.55 ± 2.26
Control 97.29 ± 2.58 96.63 ± 2.65 95.56 ± 1.12 96.69 ± 2.65 90.63 ± 2.71 93.89 ± 8.56
F 221 342 168 219 36 26
Df 7,71 7,71 7,70 7,71 7,71 7,71
P < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01