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Table 3 The mean pupation, adult emergence, and egg eclosion (% ± SE) of the 2nd and 4th instars (n = 20) of Spodoptera litura larvae treated with nucleopolyhedrovirus alone and in combination with chlorantraniliprole

From: Evaluation of indigenous the nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in combination with chlorantraniliprole against Spodoptera species

Treatments (POB ml−1) Pupation Adult emergence Egg eclosion
2nd instar 4th instar 2nd instar 4th instar 2nd instar 4th instar
NPV-1 (1 × 104) 71.81 ± 2.22 74.63 ± 2.23 71.11 ± 2.73 64.44 ± 1.93 67.21 ± 2.70 76.63 ± 3.12
NPV-2 (6 × 104) 61.01 ± 2.57 65.81 ± 1.93 60.15 ± 2.74 52.96 ± 2.11 54.99 ± 3.84 65.65 ± 3.10
NPV-3 (3 × 105) 54.67 ± 1.47 50.52 ± 2.18 50.00 ± 1.96 48.52 ± 1.97 42.38 ± 2.69 49.33 ± 2.61
Chl 40.67 ± 2.05 36.26 ± 2.14 47.78 ± 2.51 31.85 ± 2.83 35.00 ± 3.45 38.04 ± 3.91
NPV-1+Chl 25.15 ± 2.41 24.44 ± 1.27 47.41 ± 1.77 22.16 ± 1.19 24.93 ± 2.58 29.29 ± 2.56
NPV-2+Chl 2.63 ± 2.18 13.67 ± 2.11 27.96 ± 2.55 6.30 ± 2.63 11.37 ± 3.62 18.54 ± 3.76
NPV-3+Chl 03.11 ± 0.00 4.15 ± 1.87 8.22 ± 1.58 01.00 ± 0.10 2.94 ± 2.35 4.32 ± 2.38
Control 96.41 ± 2.98 97.5 ± 2.37 94.85 ± 2.15 95.07 ± 1.34 87.37 ± 4.63 92.74 ± 4.02
F 257 319 291 366 44 53
Df 7,71 7,71 7,71 7,71 7,71 7,71
P < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01