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Table 1 Estimated lethal concentrations for Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae on 1st instar larvae of Xanthogaleruca luteola using immersion and spraying methods

From: Pathogenicity of two fungal pathogens on larvae of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola Muller (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

Fungal isolates Methods df LC50 (spore/ml)
95% CL
LC90 (spore/ml)
95% CL
Slope ± SE χ2 P
B. bassiana Immersion 3 3.88 × 102
(3.47–4.46)
14.04 × 102
(10.49–21.84)
2.29 ± 0.08 4.81 0.89
Spraying 3 7.52 × 102
(6.01–10.75)
50.91 × 102
(28.15–131.14)
1.54 ± 0.07 3.20 0.92
M. anisopliae Immersion 3 7.05 × 102
(5.79–9.54)
35.23 × 102
(20.26–93.21)
2.74 ± 0.07 1.53 0.91
Spraying 3 11.85 × 102
(8.37–22.27)
99.28 × 102
(43.35–465.61)
1.38 ± 0.81 3.12 0.88
  1. LC lethal concentrations, CL confidence limit, SE standard error