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Table 4 Some botanicals and entomopathogenic nematode combinations

From: Botanical biopesticide combination concept—a viable option for pest management in organic farming

Combination Pest targeted Effect Source
P. pinnata (0.75 mL/L) + H. indica (1.5 lakh IJs/L) H. armigera 36.92% larval reduction (insecticide − 41.08%) Prabhuraj et al. (2005)
NSK (0.6%) + S. feltiae (800 IJs) 3rd instar larvae of Bactrocera zonata 76% mortality with the highest level of synergism Mahmoud (2007)
NeemAzal T 5% (1.25%) + S. feltiae (100 IJs) 3rd instar larvae of Bactrocera zonata 100% mortality with a significant level of synergism Mahmoud (2007)
M.anisopliae+ NeemAzal-T + S. carpocapsae Frankliniella occidentalis on French bean 32.7% deviation from additivity and showed a high level of synergism Otieno et al. (2017)