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Table 1 Few botanicals and entomopathogenic bacteria combinations

From: Botanical biopesticide combination concept—a viable option for pest management in organic farming

Combination Pest targeted Effect Source
Bt (0.5%) + NSKE (5%) (sequential application within 2 days)
Bt (0.25%) + NSKE (2%) (sequential application within 2 days)
A. janata on castor 99.36% decrease in larval population after 5 days of sprays and showed the highest yield of 366.53 kg/ha
99.58% decrease in larval population after 5 days of spray with a yield of 296 kg/ha
Devi et al. (1996)
Bt (Delfin) (0.1%) + palmarosa oil (0.5%) S. litura 96.29% mortality Venkadasubramanian and David (1999)
H. armigera 96.48% mortality
D. stramonium seed extract fortified with Btk S. litura Highest mean larval mortality − 74.70% Rajguru et al. (2011)
Btk (0.044%) + Azadirachtin (0.031%) Spilarctia obliqua (in laboratory conditions) 70% mortality observed Bandyopadhyay et al. (2014)
B. thuringiensis (BLB250) delta-endotoxins + R. tingitanus hexane extract (RtHexF) at 5 mg g−1 S. littoralis 100% larval mortality of 1st and 2nd instar larvae Mhalla et al. (2018)