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Table 2 Means development time (± SE) of the common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea immature stages at examined temperatures

From: Modeling of the effect of temperature on developmental rate of common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Steph.) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)

Temperature (°C) Incubation period Larval instars Total larva period Pupal period Total immature stages
L1 L2 L3
15 12.494 ± 0.027f (n = 354) 10.936 ± 0.034e (n = 233) 9.801 ± 0.034f (n = 231) 10.414 ± 0.037e (n = 215) 31.129 ± 0.045f (n = 140) 36.129 ± 0.047f (n = 140) 79.714 ± 0.052f (n = 140)
20 6.208 ± 0.390e (n = 197) 5.117 ± 0.028d (n = 145) 4.062 ± 0.034e (n = 144) 4.446 ± 0.045d (n = 139) 13.556 ± 0.050e (n = 123) 14.691 ± 0.052e (n = 123) 34.431 ± 0.060e (n = 123)
25 4.050 ± 0.020d (n = 120) 3.239 ± 0.046c (n = 88) 2.771 ± 0.046d (n = 83) 2.671 ± 0.065c (n = 82) 8.629 ± 0.058d (n = 70) 9.800 ± 0.048d (n = 70) 22.443 ± 0.069d (n = 70)
27 3.448 ± 0.046c (n = 116) 2.907 ± 0.031b (n = 86) 2.167 ± 0.041c (n = 84) 2.200 ± 0.045b (n = 80) 7.303 ± 0.065c (n = 76) 8.079 ± 0.052c (n = 76) 18.618 ± 0.070c (n = 76)
30 3.000 ± 0.000a (n = 152) 2.785 ± 0.036a (n = 131) 1.597 ± 0.043a (n = 131) 1.961 ± 0.052a (n = 131) 6.297 ± 0.045a (n = 111) 6.432 ± 0.049a (n = 111) 15.730 ± 0.057a (n = 111)
32 3.224 ± 0.032b (n = 174) 2.819 ± 0.038ab (n = 105) 1.905 ± 0.029b (n = 105) 2.171 ± 0.037b (n = 105) 6.835 ± 0.041b (n = 84) 6.821 ± 0.049b (n = 84) 16.845 ± 0.040b (n = 84)
  1. Means with different letters in each column (development stage) are significantly different (Tukey, P < 0.05)
  2. n number of individuals