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Table 2 Effect of cultural filtrates of endophytic fungi from Parthenium hysterophorus on the germination and growth parameters of weed species

From: Biocontrol of economically important weed species through endophytic fungi isolated from Parthenium hysterophorus (Family: Asteraceae)

  Germination (%) Shoot length (mm) Root length (mm) Plant biomass (mg)
C. album
Control 100.00 ± 0.00a 17.23 ± 0.70a 11.18 ± 0.32a 2.02 ± 0.17a
Aspergillus spp. 84.44 ± 2.08b 13.10 ± 0.26b 8.77 ± 0.31b 1.21 ± 0.02b
Alternaria spp. 57.78 ± 1.89d 3.63 ± 0.31d 2.00 ± 0.10d 0.59 ± 0.06d
Drechslera spp. 75.56 ± 2.78c 7.33 ± 0.45c 5.53 ± 0.40c 0.85 ± 0.05c
A. fatua
Control 100.00 ± 0.00a 97.00 ± 2.00a 120.33 ± 1.53a 103 ± 1.15a
Aspergillus spp. 93.33 ± 2.14a 80.00 ± 1.00b 95.67 ± 0.58b 76 ± 2.00b
Alternaria spp. 55.56 ± 1.03c 38.00 ± 2.65d 28.67 ± 1.53d 38.5 ± 0.87c
Drechslera spp. 68.89 ± 1.10b 59.67 ± 1.50c 73.67 ± 2.36c 72.23 ± 0.51b
C. arvensis
Control 100.00 ± 0.00a 33.33 ± 1.53a 51.67 ± 1.15a 15.30 ± 0.75a
Aspergillus spp. 75.56 ± 3.51b 24.67 ± 1.53b 43.67 ± 1.53b 10.17 ± 0.38b
Alternaria spp. 37.78 ± 2.85d 10.00 ± 1.00c 18.93 ± 0.40c 6.13 ± 0.50c
Drechslera spp. 48.89 ± 2.17c 22.67 ± 0.57b 39.67 ± 1.52b 9.40 ± 1.11b
  1. Values are mean ± SD. Means followed by different superscripts in a row for each weed species are significantly different using LSD at p < 0.05