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Table 1 Environmental and topographical variables used in Maxent to predict the current habitat suitability distribution of Mantodea species

From: Mantodea oasis of Palaearctic region: biogeographical analysis of Mantodea in Egypt



Bio 1

Annual mean temperature

Bio 2

Mean diurnal range (mean of monthly max temp – min temp)

Bio 3

Isothermality (bio2/bio7) × 100

Bio 4

Temperature seasonality (standard deviation × 100)

Bio 5

Max temperature of the warmest month

Bio 6

Min temperature of the coldest month

Bio 7

Temperature annual range

Bio 8

Mean temperature of the wettest quarter

Bio 9

Mean temperature of the driest quarter

Bio 10

Mean temperature of the warmest quarter

Bio 11

Mean temperature of the coldest quarter

Bio 12

Annual precipitation

Bio 13

Precipitation of the wettest month

Bio 14

Precipitation of the driest month

Bio 15

Precipitation seasonality (coefficient of variation)

Bio 16

Precipitation of the wettest quarter

Bio 17

Precipitation of the driest quarter

Bio 18

Precipitation of the warmest quarter

Bio 19

Precipitation of the coldest quarter


Altitude in degrees


Aspect ratio