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Table 1 Effect of Beauveria bassiana (Bb) and plant extracts on mortality, pupation, and adult emergence (% ± SE) of 3rd larval instars of Tribolium castaneum

From: Compatibility of some botanicals and the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana (Bals.), against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Treatments Mortality (%) Pupae inhibition (%) Adult inhibition (%)
B1 21.29 ± 2.18 g 52.87 ± 1.49c 44.20 ± 1.23b
B2 26.47 ± 2.50 g 34.43 ± 2.22f 31.90 ± 0.93 d
B3 32.68 ± 3.26f 28.75 ± 2.20 h 25.13 ± 1.11d
TE 7.521.73i 42.12 ± 2.52d 39.41 ± 2.83c
EE 9.89 ± 2.30hi 40.04 ± 1.89e 36.96 ± 1.34c
NE 14.61 ± 3.22 h 35.10 ± 2.62f 30.58 ± 1.63de
B1 × TE 15.54 ± 1.12 h 39.62 ± 2.42 g 31.08 ± 1.63f
B1 × EE 22.18 ± 2.61 g 33.14 ± 1.92f 30.08 ± 2.23de
B1 × NE 31.15 ± 3.62f 29.32 ± 2.79f 26.08 ± 2.50d
B2 × TE 38.87 ± 2.93e 25.51 ± 2.54e 22.78 ± 1.66c
B2 × EE 40.05 ± 1.11d 30.19 ± 1.85 h 26.19 ± 1.79f
B2 × NE 46.17 ± 1.92 c 23.65 ± 1.67 g 19.34 ± 1.39e
B3 × TE 50.23 ± 1.19 c 17.10 ± 1.92d 18.13 ± 2.13bc
B3 × EE 60.35 ± 1.33b 13.10 ± 1.92d 10.13 ± 2.13bc
B3 × NE 71.32 ± 1.33a 9.71 ± 2.23b 4.89 ± 2.63b
Control - 69.81 ± 1.98a 61.10 ± 2.10a
  F = 234.81, df = 16 F = 81.52 df = 16 F = 10.34, df = 16
  1. B1 0.3 × 108conidia, B2 0.6 × 108 conidia, B3 0.9 × 108 conidia, TE tobacco extract, EE eucalyptus extract, NE neem extract.The lettering (a-g) shown that treatment means having similar letterings are not significantly different from each other