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Table 1 Developmental period (days) of C. brachylobus immatures feeding on immatures of B. tabaci (days)

From: Development, biology, and life table parameters of the predatory species, Clitostethus brachylobus Peng, Ren & Pang 1998 (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), when fed on the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.)

B. tabaci C. brachylobus
Egg 1st instar 2nd instar 3rd instar 4th instar Larva Pupa Egg-adult
Eggs 4.41 ± 0.17a 1.43 ± 0.11d 1.79 ± 0.08c 1.84 ± 0.09c 3.92 ± 0.13b 8.98 ± 0.04b 5.02 ± 0.13a 18.41 ± 0.14b
1st nymph 4.43 ± 0.17a 2.14 ± 0.09a 2.31 ± 0.11a 2.54 ± 0.12a 4.20 ± 0.13a 11.19 ± 0.06a 4.54 ± 0.08ab 20.16 ± 0.21a
2nd nymph 4.43 ± 0.16a 2.11 ± 0.10a 2.17 ± 0.10b 2.08 ± 0.11b 4.02 ± 0.17b 10.38 ± 0.07ab 3.97 ± 0.09b 18.78 ± 0.34b
3rd nymph 4.43 ± 0.17a 1.90 ± 0.12b 1.42 ± 0.06d 1.48 ± 0.08de 3.23 ± 0.12c 8.03 ± 0.10c 3.77 ± 0.14b 16.23 ± 0.17cd
4th nymph 4.42 ± 0.11a 1.67 ± 0.07c 1.31 ± 0.09e 1.29 ± 0.09e 3.16 ± 0.11c 7.43 ± 0.07d 3.69 ± 0.11b 15.54 ± 0.19d
Mixed nymph 4.43 ± 0.21a 1.88 ± 0.10b 1.42 ± 0.12d 1.56 ± 0.07d 3.10 ± 0.10c 7.96 ± 0.09c 3.76 ± 0.19b 16.15 ± 0.24cd
Pupa 4.43 ± 0.18a 1.93 ± 0.08b 1.48 ± 0.13d 1.54 ± 0.17d 2.98 ± 0.12d 7.93 ± 0.08c 4.98 ± 0.21a 17.34 ± 0.21c
F, d.f, P 15.23, 6, 0.17 23.21, 6, < 0.0001 19.64, 6, < 0.0001 12.72, 6, < 0.0001 18.23, 6, < 0.0001 32.41, 6, < 0.0001 25.91, 6, < 0.0001 43.62, 6, < 0.0001
  1. Means (± SE) in the same column followed by different letters are significantly different from each other (Tukey’s P < 0.05)