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Table 1 Mortality rates resulting from applications of EPF and secondary metabolites at a concentration of 107 conidia ml−1 to 2nd instar nymphs of Aphis gossypii

From: Effects of some entomopathogenic fungi on the aphid species, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Fungus isolates 1 DAA 3 DAA 5 DAA 7 DAA
Beauveria bassiana 13.33 ± 7.30ab 63.33 ± 19.93ab 80.00 ± 14.97ab 80.00 ± 14.97a
Verticillium alfalfae 0.00 ± 0.00b 23.33 ± 8.79b 46.67 ± 15.66b 73.33 ± 13.47a
MS1 (B. bassiana) 43.33 ± 15.41ab 100.00 ± 0.00a 100.00 ± 0.00a 100.00 ± 0.00a
MS2 (V. alfalfae) 53.33 ± 20.13a 93.33 ± 7.30a 100.00 ± 0.00a 100.00 ± 0.00a
Trichoderma viride 23.33 ± 10.46ab 66.67 ± 10.83ab 86.67 ± 7.30ab 93.33 ± 4.62a
Dimethoate 10.00 ± 10.95ab 33.33 ± 16.65b 66.67 ± 14.61ab 90.00 ± 7.48a
  1. The means followed by the same letters within columns are not significantly different from each other according to Tukey’s HSD (P < 0.05)