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Table 5 Moisture, protein, and ash contents in 5 grain species treated with abamectin after Rhyzopertha dominica progeny count

From: Effects of abamectin on lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica F. (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), infestation on some stored grains

Insecticide Rate (g kg1) Moisture, protein, and ash contents (% ± SE)
Wheat Barley Rye Oats Triticale
Moisture content %
 Abamectin 0.25 13.11 ± 0.02b 12.90 ± 0.01d 12.90 ± 0.03c 11.59 ± 0.01c 12.79 ± 0.03c
0.5 13.01 ± 0.02b 12.69 ± 0.02c 12.81 ± 0.02c 11.80 ± 0.01d 12.37 ± 0.03b
1.0 13.00 ± 0.01b 12.20 ± 0.01b 12.30 ± 0.03b 11.19 ± 0.01b 12.70 ± 0.02c
 Infested sample   14.61 ± 0.05c 13.41 ± 0.02e 13.60 ± 0.06d 11.81 ± 0.02d 14.42 ± 0.07d
 Control   12.41 ± 0.01a 11.81 ± 0.01a 11.71 ± 0.01a 11.00 ± 0.01a 11.8 ± 0.01a
F   181 112.4 49.4 22.7 275.7
P   > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05
Protein content %
 Abamectin 0.25 13.12 ± 0.02b 12.02 ± 0.04a 15.76 ± 0.02a 13.29 ± 0.02bc 12.29 ± 0.01b
0.5 13.15 ± 0.02b 12.00 ± 0.03a 15.75 ± 0.02a 13.29 ± 0.02bc 12.28 ± 0.02b
1.0 13.15 ± 0.01b 12.02 ± 0.04a 15.75 ± 0.02a 13.30 ± 0.02ab 12.30 ± 0.01ab
 Infested sample   12.47 ± 0.02c 11.72 ± 0.02b 15.54 ± 0.05b 13.28 ± 0.02c 10.72 ± 0.05c
 Control   13.22 ± 0.01a 12.05 ± 0.02a 15.81 ± 0.02a 13.31 ± 0.01a 12.32 ± 0.01a
F   69 19 305 4 562
P   > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05 0.0012 > 0.05
Ash content %
 Abamectin 0.25 1.74 ± 0.03a 2.33 ± 0.02a 1.96 ± 0.03b 3.38 ± 0.06a 2.31 ± 0.06a
0.5 1.74 ± 0.04a 2.33 ± 0.02a 1.94 ± 0.03ab 3.36 ± 0.04a 2.29 ± 0.02a
1.0 1.73 ± 0.04a 2.32 ± 0.01a 1.95 ± 0.03ab 3.38 ± 0.06a 2.27 ± 0.02a
 Infested sample   1.83 ± 0.04b 2.44 ± 0.04a 2.09 ± 0.03c 3.40 ± 0.03a 2.82 ± 0.4b
 Control   1.72 ± 0.05a 2.34 ± 0.05a 1.91 ± 0.06ab 3.38 ± 0.03a 2.25 ± 0.05a
F   5.03 0.79 26.0 0.9 144.3
P   > 0.05 0.596 > 0.05 0.52 > 0.05
  1. *For each parameter separately, means within columns followed by the same letter are not significantly different; Tukey-Kramer (HSD) test P > 0.05; in all cases, df = 10, 76; P < 0.05