Skip to main content

Table 5 Malformations % ± SE of Tuta absoluta after treated the 2nd instar larvae with LC30 value of the tested bio-and chemical insecticides

From: Lethal and sub-lethal effects of bio-and chemical insecticides on the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Bio-and chemical insecticides formulations  Normal pupae %Deformation adultsNormal adults
Larval deformation %Pupal deformation %Female %Male %Female %Male %
Control0.00c ± 0.000.00b ± 0.00100.00a ± 0.000.00c ± 0.001.52c ± 1.52100.00a ± 0.0098.48a ± 1.52
Lepinox (Bt)28.33a ± 0.3310.83a ± 2.4971.67d ± 0.337.90bc ± 1.0611.73b ± 1.992.10bc ± 1.0688.27b ± 1.9
Dipel 2× (Bt)10.48c ± 1.914.29ab ± 2.5189.52b ± 1.919.20bc ± 2.0618.70ab ± 4.0690.8bc ± 20.681.30bc ± 4.06
Protecto (Bt)18.05b ± 6.094.51ab ± 2.7784.98c ± 6.1213.49b ± 3.7111.43b ± 5.9586.51c ± 3.7188.57b ± 5.95
Spinosad0.00c ± 0.002.63b ± 2.59100.00a ± 0.002.56cd ± 2.560.00c ± 0.0073.44ab ± 2.56100.00a ± 0.00
Emamectin benzoate2.85c ± 1.436.8ab ± 2.5997.15a ± 1.4338.42a ± 3.2426.85a ± 3.3461.58e ± 3.2473.15c ± 3.34
Chlorpyrifos0.00c ± 0.000.00b ± 0.00100.00a ± 0.000.00c ± 0.000.00c ± 0.00100.00a ± 0.00100.00a ± 0.00
Indoxacarb0.00c ± 0.000.00b ± 0.00100.00a ± 0.000.00c ± 0.000.00c ± 0.00100.00a ± 0.00100.00a ± 0.00
  1. Values marked with the same letters are not significantly different (P > 0.05: Duncan’s multiple range test)