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Table 4 Effects of tested bio-and chemical insecticides on the adult stage of .Tuta absoluta results from treated the 2nd instar larvae with the sub-lethal concentration of LC30 value

From: Lethal and sub-lethal effects of bio-and chemical insecticides on the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Bio-and chemical insecticides formulationsMean ± SE
Emergence %Sex ratioLongevity (days)Pre-oviposition (days)Oviposion period (days)Post-oviposition (days)
FemalesMalesFemalesMales
Control99.32a ± 0.8652.05cd ± 0.647.95ab ± 0.5918.00a ± 0.5815.33a ± 0.671.00c ± 0.0013.67ab ± 0.672.00a ± 0.00
Lepinox (Bt)70.28de ± 0.660.19abc ± 5.9539.81bcd ± 5.9516.67b ± 0.3313.67ab ± 0.334.33b ± 0.336.67e ± 0.331.67a ± 0.33
Dipel 2× (Bt)66.70e ± 1.4361.47ab ± 2.0138.52bcd ± 2.0116.67b ± 0.3312.33b ± 0.338.00a ± 0.009.67d ± 0.331.33a ± 0.33
Protecto (Bt)73.06de ± 6.061.39ab ± 3.5838.61bdc ± 3.8514.67c ± 0.3312.67b ± 0.672.00b ± 0.0011.33c ± 0.331.33a ± 0.33
Spinosad78.61cd ± 2.967.06a ± 1.0332.94d ± 1.0316.67b ± 0.3314.33a ± 0.582.00b ± 0.0012.67b ± 0.331.67a ± 0.33
Emamectin benzoate75.55de ± 3.1745.92d ± 0.2354.08a ± 0.2317.33ab ± 0.3315.33a ± 0.332.00b ± 0.0013.67ab ± 0.331.67a ± 0.33
Chlorpyrifos91.63ab ± 1.8554.44bcd ± 1.045.56abc ± 1.016.67b ± 0.3315.00a ± 0.581.00c ± 0.0014.00a ± 0.001.67a ± 0.33
Indoxacarb)86.00bc ± 1.054.44bcd ± 1.036.89cd ± 5.3516.67b ± 0.3315a ± 0.581.00c ± 0.0014.00a ± 0.001.67a ± 0.33
  1. Values marked with the same letters are not significantly different (P > 0.05: Duncan’s multiple range test)