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Table 2 Toxicity of the tested bio-and chemical insecticides against the early 2nd instar larvae of Tuta absoluta (treated by leaf dipping technique)

From: Lethal and sub-lethal effects of bio-and chemical insecticides on the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Bio-and chemical insecticides formulationsaLC30 (mg/l), 95%d CLbLC50 (mg/l), 95%d CLcLC90 (mg/l), 95%d CLSlope ± SE
Lepinox (Bt)0.01 × 10−2 (0.06 × 10−3–0.08 × 10-1)0.07 × 10−2 (0.09 × 10−3–0.13 × 10−1) = 31085 IU/mg0.02 (0.03–0.05)0.70 ± 0.06
Dipel 2× (Bt)0.09 × 10−1 (0.03 × 10−1–0.20 × 10−1)0.11 (0.06–0.50) = 203.66 IU/mg9.89 (8.66–16.14)0.48 ± 0.05
Protecto (Bt)0.14 × 10−1 (0.59 × 10−2–0.229 × 10−1)0.10(0.05–0.13) = 224.0 IU/mg11.79 (3.35–23.77)0.65 ± 0.06
Spinosad0.07 × 10−2 (0.04 × 10−3–0.001)0.002 (0.001–0.004)0.08 (0.05–0.21)0.85 ± 0.07
Emamectin benzoate0.03 × 10−1 (0.01 × 10−1–0.05 × 10−1)0.009 (0.06 × 10−1–0.12 × 10−1)0.10 (0.07–0.25)1.22 ± 0.18
Chlorpyrifos11.44 (5.7–15.9)21.30 (13.21–32.78)97.24 (72.75–272.9)1.94 ± 0.16
Indoxacarb0.01 (0.04 × 10−1–0.20 × 10−1)0.09 (0.05–0.17)24.87 (10.68–78.19)0.53 ± 0.04
  1. aLC30: concentration causing 30% mortality
  2. bLC50: concentration causing 50% mortality
  3. cLC90: concentration causing 90% mortality
  4. dCL: confidence limits