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Table 1 Tested bio-and chemical insecticides and their rates of application

From: Lethal and sub-lethal effects of bio-and chemical insecticides on the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Insecticides (common name)Trade namesFormulation active ingredient (a.i. % )Recommended rate (g or ml/fed.)
Bacillus thuringiensisLepinox3.75% WP100 g
Dipel 2×6.4% WP200 g
Protecto9.4% WP300 g
SpinosadTracer24% SC50 ml
Emamectin benzoateProclaim5% SG60 g
ChlorpyrifosDursban48% EC100–125 ml
IndoxacarbAvaunt15% EC25 ml
  1. All Bt formulations equivalent to 32,000 IU/mg of Bacillus thuringiensis sp. kurstaki strain