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Table 1 Key commercially available bionematicides and chemical nematicides, their applications rates, and prices in Egypt

From: Biological control agents in the integrated nematode management of pepper in Egypt

Active ingredient Product name Application rate (product/Feddan−1)+ Price per Feddan
Abamectin produced during the fermentation process of Streptomyces avermitilis (soluble concentrate at 20 g/l) Tervigo 2% SC 2.5 l/feddan L.E. 2000
109 CFU/ml of Serratia sp., Pseudomonas sp., Azotobacter sp., Bacillus circulans, and B. thuringiensis Micronema 30 l/feddan (thrice)/year L.E. 600
108 units/ml Purpureocillium lilacinus Bionematon 2 l/feddan/year L.E. 500
109 bacterium cells of Serratia marcescens /ml water Nemaless 10 l/feddan (thrice)/year L.E. 600
Cadusafos (O-ethyl S,S-bis (1-methylpropyl) phosphorodithioate) Rugby 10 G 24 Kg/feddan L.E. 6480
Oxamyl (methyl 2-(dimethylamino)-N-(methylcarbamoyloxy)-2oxoethanimidothioate) Vydate 24% SL 4 l/feddan (twice)/year L.E. 2800
  1. There are broad host range claims by the manufacturer’s product labels which have not necessarily been confirmed in independent trials
  2. +Figures given for comparative purposes when products are uniformly applied to the soil (except oxamyl for foliar application too). For some products and other, including low-value, crops, product may be incorporated into field soil, potting mix, or applied in greenhouses for which different rates apply (Wilson and Jackson 2013; Hammam et al. 2016; Abd-Elgawad 2020a)