Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean adult emergence (%±SE) of second and fourth larval instars of Spodoptera litura from three different field populations treated with nucleopolyhedrosis virus and emamectin benzoate. (NPV-1 2 × 109 POBs ml−1, NPV-2 3 × 109 POBs ml−1, NPV-3 4 × 109 POBs ml−1, EM 0.1 ppm)

From: Evaluation of Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (NPV) and Emamectin Benzoate against Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Treatments Second instar Fourth instar
FSD LY ML FSD LY ML
NPV-1 68.14 ± 2.34b 75.55 ± 1.92b 80.74 ± 2.54b 74.81 ± 2.48b 82.96 ± 2.74b 87.40 ± 2.73ab
NPV-2 57.77 ± 2.48bc 63.70 ± 1.45c 71.85 ± 2.19bc 63.70 ± 2.74c 71.85 ± 2.94bc 76.29 ± 1.96b
NPV-3 48.88 ± 1.53cd 54.81 ± 2.09cd 62.96 ± 1.95cd 55.5 ± 1.92cd 62.22 ± 1.92c 67.46 ± 1.52bc
EM 42.96 ± 1.66d 51.85 ± 1.48cd 58.51 ± 1.67cd 47.40 ± 1.82d 54.81 ± 1.47de 62.96 ± 1.74c
NPV-1 + EM 25.18 ± 1.17e 32.59 ± 1.25d 37.77 ± 1.22d 31.85 ± 1.15e 36.29 ± 1.24e 45.28 ± 1.25d
NPV-2 + EM 6.66 ± 0.22 f 14.81 ± 1.17e 19.25 ± 1.07e 12.59 ± 0.54f 23.70 ± 1.05f 27.40 ± 1.13e
NPV-3 + EM 0.00 ± 0.00 f 1.48 ± 0.17f 4.44 ± 0.21f 0.00 ± 0.00g 6.66 ± 0.13g 9.62 ± 0.39f
Control 94.07 ± 3.33a 95.55 ± 3.11a 96.29 ± 3.17a 94.81 ± 3.85a 96.29 ± 3.61a 97.77 ± 3.11a
  1. Mean sharing the same letters within each column are not significantly different at 1.0% level