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Table 1 Efficacy of different concentrations of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema monticolum against larval instars of Spodoptera littoralis in the laboratory

From: Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) and Agrotis ipsilon (H.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Nematode concentrationsMean % mortality of larval instars at different exposure times
IJs/dish2nd instar3rd instar4th instar5th instar6th instar
24 h48 h72 hAverage24 h48 h72 hAverage24 h48 h72 hAverage24 h48 h72 hAverage24 h48 h72 hAverage
5022.2246.6677.7848.8815.5531.1155.5534.072.226075.5545.922.3227.958.1329.454.7621.4245.2323.80
10028.886093.3360.7116.2737.269.7641.0711.1146.6682.2246.666.6642.2275.5541.476.6635.5566.6636.29
20031.1153.3386.6657.0317.7753.3371.1147.4015.5557.778051.1117.755.5582.2251.829.5238.0964.2837.29
40035.5551.1191.1159.2522.7265.990.959.8417.7773.3395.5462.2126.6664.4497.7762.9524.446091.158.51
80044.4446.6610063.724.446095.5559.996.6693.3310066.6630.2372.0910067.4435.7152.3810062.69
160031.1157.7710062.964055.5510065.1817.7784.4410067.4034.8867.4410067.4442.8561.910068.25
F value2.547.583.3861.1125.26
LSD10.7514.0917.016.2511.123