Skip to main content

Table 3 Percent pupation and percent adult emergence (mean ± SE, n = 5) of 2nd instar Pectinophora gossypiella larvae due to Beauveria bassiana, Verticillium lecanii, Metarhizium anisopliae concentrations and Azadirachta indica extract (alone and in combination). Means sharing with same lower case letters are not significantly different from each other at 0.05 level of significance, i.e., P < 0.05

From: Compatibility of entomopathogenic fungi and Azadirachta indica extract against the cotton pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) under controlled conditions

TreatmentsPercent pupationPercent adult emergence
Bb180.67 ± 2.08ab57.33 ± 2.80bc
Bb277.33 ± 2.18abc54.67 ± 2.24bcd
Vl164.67 ± 2.61cd41.33 ± 2.24de
Vl274.00 ± 3.11bc47.33 ± 2.88cde
Ma154.00 ± 3.03d32.67 ± 2.34ef
Ma257.33 ± 3.87d34.00 ± 3.25e
AI87.33 ± 1.73ab64.67 ± 3.08b
Bb2 + AI27.33 ± 1.73e18.00 ± 2.34fg
Vl2 + AI14.00 ± 1.28ef7.33 ± 0.87gh
Ma2 + AI24.67 ± 1.38e14.67 ± 1.38gh
Bb2 + Vl2 + Ma2 + AI0.00 ± 0.00f0.00 ± 0.00h
Control90.67 ± 1.28a84.00 ± 2.47a
  1. Bb1 Beauveria bassiana (1 × 106 conidia ml−1), Bb2 Beauveria bassiana (1 × 108 conidia ml−1), Vl1 Verticillium lecanii (1 × 106 conidia ml−1), Vl2 Verticillium lecanii (1 × 108 conidia ml−1), Ma1 Metarhizium anisopliae (1 × 106 conidia ml−1), Ma2 Metarhizium anisopliae (1 × 108 conidia ml−1), AI Azadirachta indica extract