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Table 3 Means population reduction percentage of jassid, aphid, and brinjal shoot and fruit borer after entomopathogen treatments with different time intervals under field conditions (values with different lower case letters shows significant difference at 0.05 significance level)

From: In vivo and in vitro assessment of Trichoderma species and Bacillus thuringiensis integration to mitigate insect pests of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.)

Treatments Jassid Aphid Brinjal shoot and fruit borer
  24 h 48 h 72 h 168 h 24 h 48 h 72 h 168 h 24 h 48 h 72 h 168 h
T1 45.68 ± 0.89gh 47.00 ± 1.26g 58.33 ± 1.36e 72.00 ± 2.06c 32.43 ± 0.40i 66.82 ± 1.26d 78.68 ± 0.52c 87.77 ± 0.86b 27.11 ± 0.83i 36.04 ± 0.12gh 39.00 ± 0.76gh 57.55 ± 0.89e
T2 38.46 ± 1.28hi 40.66 ± 1.35h 46.66 ± 1.38g 53.00 ± 1.85f 33.11 ± 0.40i 52.12 ± 1.15f 63.92 ± 0.53de 71.62 ± 0.85cd 46.52 ± 0.84fg 56.60 ± 0.12e 61.54 ± 0.88de 87.52 ± 0.79ab
T3 59.61 ± 1.07de 62.75 ± 1.77de 79.33 ± 1.37b 88.40 ± 1.87a 47.74 ± 0.41fg 73.78 ± 1.37cd 90.17 ± 0.54ab 95.39 ± 0.87a 51.72 ± 0.86f 65.04 ± 0.13d 85.15 ± 0.77ab 96.12 ± 0.96a
T4 33.68 ± 0.78i 35.00 ± 0.88hi 46.55 ± 0.55g 53.00 ± 1.76f 23.75 ± 1.73jk 39.39 ± 0.84h 45.31 ± 0.91g 62.05 ± 1.76de 19.67 ± 0.80k 29.85 ± 0.70j 30.66 ± 0.72i 50.74 ± 0.89g
T5 26.66 ± 0.77ij 33.66 ± 0.87hi 40.44 ± 0.54h 46.00 ± 1.69g 26.06 ± 1.75ij 37.23 ± 0.85h 49.62 ± 0.92fg 52.79 ± 1.69f 34.42 ± 0.81i 48.37 ± 0.72h 50.93 ± 0.73g 66.12 ± 0.88e
T6 40.84 ± 0.79h 46.66 ± 0.87g 58.33 ± 0.56e 70.78 ± 1.66c 38.57 ± 1.47h 49.27 ± 0.83fg 63.31 ± 0.92de 71.70 ± 1.66cd 45.76 ± 0.82h 56.63 ± 0.70df 74.63 ± 0.72de 87.70 ± 0.87c
T7 25.27 ± 0.80ij 30.00 ± 0.80i 39.33 ± 0.93h 47.00 ± 1.24g 19.15 ± 0.73k 26.12 ± 0.84ij 36.94 ± 0.78h 43.27 ± 0.54g 24.46 ± 0.88j 29.00 ± 0.93hi 32.85 ± 0.65h 48.30 ± 1.76fg
T8 19.86 ± 0.81j 26.66 ± 0.81ij 31.44 ± 0.93i 40.33 ± 1.23h 26.48 ± 0.71ij 23.96 ± 0.84jk 36.89 ± 0.78h 42.35 ± 0.56g 33.79 ± 0.87h 42.66 ± 0.92g 51.73 ± 0.64f 69.90 ± 1.69cd
T9 27.24 ± 0.82ij 41.66 ± 0.82d 49.00 ± 0.92fg 61.40 ± 1.32d 31.69 ± 0.72i 40.46 ± 0.84gh 52.72 ± 0.78f 60.64 ± 0.61e 38.27 ± 0.89gh 51.66 ± 0.89f 69.64 ± 0.66cd 80.30 ± 1.66b
T10 5.00 ± 0.80k 5.00 ± 0.81k 5.00 ± 1.26k 5.00 ± 1.40k 4.66 ± 0.71l 5.00 ± 0.81l 5.33 ± 0.93l 5.00 ± 0.80l 4.66 ± 0.73l 5.33 ± 0.91l 5.00 ± 0.83l 5.00 ± 0.80l