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Table 1 Corrected percent mortality (mean ± SE) in Bactrocera dorsalis maggots (3rd instar) exposed to different EPNs at different temperature degrees and time periods (DF = 24, F = 6.20, P = 0.00)

From: Temperature dependent virulence of the entomopathogenic nematodes against immatures of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Time (days)Temperature (°C)Percent mortality (mean ± SE) in B. dorsalis maggots
Heterorhabditis bacteriophoraH. indicaSteinernema carpocapsaeS. asiaticum
31517.18 ± 1.62 tu12.95 ± 1.66 u17.19 ± 1.60 tu19.32 ± 1.65 tu
2044.91 ± 2.05 m–q38.58 ± 1.98 o–r33.18 ± 1.87 qrs29.91 ± 1.90 rst
2555.41 ± 2.15 i–n46.92 ± 1.99 l–q38.18 ± 2.06 o–r44.41 ± 1.87 m–q
3063.90 ± 2.25 f–j59.65 ± 2.07 g–l44.81 ± 2.07 m–q59.65 ± 2.06 g–l
3572.92 ± 2.32 d–g68.35 ± 2.25 e–i55.41 ± 2.32 i–n72.25 ± 2.15 d–g
61542.74 ± 2.11 n–r34.18 ± 1.90 qrs38.34 ± 1.90 o–r21.92 ± 1.70 stu
2068.15 ± 2.25 e–i59.25 ± 2.07 g–l51.18 ± 2.25 j–o63.08 ± 1.99 f–j
2585.15 ± 2.29 a–d61.78 ± 2.19 g–k63.83 ± 2.30 f–j70.58 ± 2.25 e–h
3079.16 ± 2.33 cde85.14 ± 2.36 a–d76.64 ± 2.33 c–f76.34 ± 2.33 c–f
3587.49 ± 2.37 abc87.49 ± 2.40 abc87.49 ± 2.39 abc87.49 ± 2.39 abc
91560.15 ± 2.19 g–k53.65 ± 2.15 j–n35.98 ± 1.99 pqr49.18 ± 1.98 k–p
2075.24 ± 2.33 c–f60.49 ± 2.19 g–k58.02 ± 2.32 h–m71.31 ± 2.07 e–h
2577.93 ± 2.33 cde69.01 ± 2.30 e–h77.25 ± 2.41 cde80.14 ± 2.33 b–e
3093.38 ± 2.90 ab93.37 ± 2.90 ab86.75 ± 2.39 abc86.75 ± 2.39 abc
3597.79 ± 3.05 a95.58 ± 3.01 a97.83 ± 3.01 a95.58 ± 2.15 a
  1. *The numbers followed by different letters are significantly different from each other (Tukey’s HSD test, α = 0.05)