Skip to main content

Table 1 Efficacy of using fermented maize wastes as grain dressing against maize diseases under field conditions

From: Using maize wastes, fermented by co-cultures of Trichoderma harzianum and Pseudomonas fluorescens, as grain dressing against m maize diseases under field conditions

Treatments   Surveyed diseases (%)(c)
Root rot and damping- off(b) Stalk rot Gray leaf spot Late wilt Ear rot
Cu- chitosan NPs 6 Ps + 4Tr(a) 1.7 ± 0.3(d) d 3.0 ± 0.3 e 9.2 ± 0.4 d 7.6 ± 0.3 f 6.9 ± 0.3 g
7 Ps + 3 Tr 1.4 ± 0.2 d 3.0 ± 0.2e 8.4 ± 0.2 e 7.6 ± 0.2 f 8.5 ± 0.7 h
8 Ps + 2 Tr 1.2 ± 0.2d 2.3 ± 0.1f 6.9 ± 0.3 f 6.9 ± 0.3 g 7.6 ± 0.2 i
Mean 1.4 2.7 8.1 7.3 8.5
Free of 6 Ps + 4 Tr 2.2 ± 0.4 c 4.6 ± 0.2 d 10.7 ± 1.0 c 11.5 ± 0.7 d 12.0 ± 0.4 d
NPs 7 Ps + 3 Tr 2.1 ± 0.3 c 4.6 ± 0.2 d 10.0 ± 0.8 c 10.7 ± 0.4 d 11.3 ± 0.6 e
8 Ps + 2 Tr 1.8 ± 0.4 d 3.8 ± 0.2 e 9.2 ± 0.4 d 9.2 ± 0.2 e 10.7 ± 0.9 f
Mean 2.0 4.3 9.9 10.4 11.3
Chitosan 2.4 ± 1.2 c 5.3 ± 0.2 c 11.5 ± 0.7 b 12.3 ± 0.1 c 13.8 ± 0.6 c
Rizolex-50 WP 3.2 ± 0.4 b 6.3 ± 0.1 b 12.8 ± 0.4 a 12.2 ± 0.4 b 14.6 ± 0.4 b
Control 8.5 ± 0.3 a 8.6 ± 0.5 a 12.8 ± 1.2 a 13.8 ± 0.2 a 15.3 ± 0.3 a
  1. (a)Ps Psedumonus fluorescence, Tr Trichoderma harzianum
  2. (b)Mean values of root-rot and damping-off diseases incidence calculated up to 30 days of sowing as follows: disease incidence no. of infected plants/no. of sown grains X 100
  3. (c)The percentage of each disease incidence was calculated as follows:
  4. disease incidence no. of infected plants/no. of total plants X 100
  5. (d)Means ± standard deviations within a column followed by the same letter are not significantly different by Duncan multiple range test at P < 0.05