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Table 1 Susceptibility of Ceratitis capitata immature stages to Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana, and Paecilomyces lilacinus at different concentrations

From: Pathogenicity of three entomopathogenic fungi against the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Mean % mortality of larvae
Metarhizium anisopliae
1 × 106
Conidia/ml
1 × 107
Conidia/ml
1 × 108
Conidia/ml
1 × 109
Conidia/ml
1 × 1010
Conidia/ml
Control
15.00b ± 5.7727.50c ± 5.0037.50d ± 5.0050.00e ± 8.1660.00f ± 8.165.00a ± 5.77
F = 41.760p value = .000df = 5, 18
Beauveria bassiana
15.00b ± 5.7722.50b ± 5.0032.50c ± 5.0045.00d ± 5.7757.50e ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 51.914p value = .000df = 5, 18
Paeciolmyces lilacinus
10.00a, b ± 0.0010.00a, b ± 0.0015.00b, c ± 5.7715.00b, c ± 5.7717.50c ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 4.040p value = .012df = 5, 18
Mean mortality % of 1-day-old pupae
Metarhizium anisopliae
1 × 1061 × 1071 × 1081 × 1091 × 1010Control
35.00b ± 5.7745.00c ± 5.7755.00d ± 5.7760.00d ± 8.1662.50d ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 49.533p value = .000df = 5, 18
Beauveria bassiana
30.00b ± 0.0035.00b, c ± 5.7740.00c ± 0.0050.00d ± 8.1657.50d ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 50.684p value = .000df = 5, 18
Paecilomyces lilacinus
10.00a, b ± 0.0010.00a, b ± 0.0015.00b ± 5.7712.50b ± 5.0015.00b ± 5.775.00a ± 5.77
F = 2.760p value = .051df = 5, 18
                                                                                                                       Mean mortality% of 5-day-old pupae
Metarhizium anisopliae
1 × 1061 × 1071 × 1081 × 1091 × 1010Control
25.00b ± 5.7735.00c ± 5.7745.00d ± 5.7745.00d ± 5.7777.50e ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 73.174p value = .000df = 5, 18
Beauveria bassiana
30.00b ± 0.0035.00b ± 5.7732.50b ± 5.0032.50b ± 5.0065.00c ± 5.775.00a ± 5.77
F = 58.267p value = .000df = 5, 18
Paecilomyces lilacinus
15.00b ± 5.7715.00b ± 5.7715.00b ± 5.7720.00b ± 0.0022.50b ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 5.463p value = .003df = 5, 18
                                                                                                                      Mean mortality % of 8-day-old pupae
Metarhizium anisopliae
1 × 1061 × 1071 × 1081 × 1091 × 1010Control
15.00b ± 5.7722.50b, c ± 5.0027.50c ± 5.0037.50d ± 5.0045.00d ± 5.775.00a ± 5.77
F = 29.286p value = .000df = 5, 18
Beauveria bassiana
22.50b ± 5.0025.00b, c ± 5.7725.00b, c ± 5.7732.50c ± 5.0047.50d ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 26.314p value = .000df = 5, 18
Paecilomyces lilacinus
12.50a, b ± 5.0012.50a, b ± 5.0012.50a, b ± 5.0015.00b, c ± 5.7722.50c ± 5.005.00a ± 5.77
F = 4.560p value = .007df = 5, 18
  1. Means followed by the same letter are not significantly different