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Table 2 Key commercially available bionematicides and chemical nematicides, their applications rates, and prices in Egypt

From: Factors affecting success of biological agents used in controlling the plant-parasitic nematodes

Active ingredientProduct nameApplication rate (product/units ha−1)+Price per feddan
109 CFU/ml of Serratia sp., Pseudomonas sp., Azotobacter sp., Bacillus circulans, and B. thuringiensisMicronema30 L/feddan (thrice)/yearL.E. 600
108 units/ml P. lilacinusBio-nematon2 L/feddan/yearL.E. 500
109 bacterium cells of Serratia marcescens/ml waterNemaless10 L/feddan (thrice)/yearL.E. 600
Cadusafos (O-ethyl S,S-bis (1-methylpropyl) phosphorodithioate)Rugby 10 G24 kg/feddanL.E. 6480
Oxamyl (methyl 2-(dimethylamino)-N-(methylcarbamoyloxy)-2 oxoethanimidothioate)Vydate 24% SL4 L/feddan (twice)/yearL.E. 2800
  1. There are broad host range claims by the manufacturer’s product labels which have not necessarily been confirmed in independent trials
  2. +Figures given for comparative purposes when products are uniformly applied to citrus soil (except oxamyl for foliar application too). For some products and other, including low-value crops, product may be incorporated into field soil, potting mix, or applied in greenhouses for which different rates apply (Wilson and Jackson 2013; Hammam et al. 2016)