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Table 1 GLM analysis for mortality of Tuta absoluta larvae caused by different EPNs used at 500 IJs/ml

From: Potential of entomopathogenic nematode isolates from Rwanda to control the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Bioassay Sources of variation df F P Significance
One EPNs at 24 h of exposure 5, 12 48.29 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs at 48 h of exposure 5, 12 9.95 0.0006 ***
EPNs at 72 h of exposure 5, 12 71.06 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs at 96 h of exposure 5, 12 1.00 0.4582 ns
Exposure time 3, 48 95.49 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs × exposure time 15, 48 7.36 < 0.0001 ***
Two EPNs at 24 h of exposure 5, 12 27.46 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs at 48 h of exposure 5, 12 423.82 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs at 72 h of exposure 5, 12 3.09 0.0508 ns
EPNs at 96 h of exposure 5, 12 ns
Exposure time 3, 48 95.04 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs × exposure time 15, 48 12.86 < 0.0001 ***
Three EPNs at 24 h of exposure 5, 12 204.85 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs at 48 h of exposure 5, 12 32.69 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs at 72 h of exposure 5, 12 4.82 0.0119 *
EPNs at 96 h of exposure 5, 12 ns
Exposure time 3, 48 153.75 < 0.0001 ***
EPNs × exposure time 15, 48 19.28 < 0.0001 ***
  1. * and *** show significance at P < 0.05 and P <0.001, respectively; ns indicates non-significance; the sign – indicates where GLM was not possible because there was no variation between treatments; One, Two, and Three are the bioassays conducted