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Table 3 Effect of different combinations of integrated control measures on the number of plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) associated with fig, Ficus carica, rhizosphere

From: Integrated management of plant-parasitic nematodes on guava and fig trees under tropical field conditions

Treatment Number of PPN/200 cm3 soil % final
Changec
15/2/2016a 15/5/2016 15/10/2016b 15/1/2017  
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + chicken manure 547.50 a 483.75 ab 457.50 b 332.50 c − 39.27
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + chicken manure 507.50 a 400.00 b 440.00 ab 393.75 b − 22.41
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + chicken manure 557.50 a 532.50 ab 472.50 bc 383.75 c − 31.17
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + cow manure 641.25 a 612.50 a 327.50 b 288.75 b − 54.97
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + cow manure 535.00 a 448.75 c 545.00 b 403.75 c − 24.53
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + cow manure 516.25 a 438.75 b 292.50 c 223.75 c − 56.66
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + compost 632.50 a 553.75 ab 498.75 b 387.50 c − 38.74
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + compost 625.00 a 615.00 a 522.50 b 318.75 c − 49.00
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + compost 536.25 a 422.50 b 405.00 b 302.50 c − 43.59
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + urea 46% 575.00 a 377.50 b 330.00 bc 246.25 c − 57.17
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + urea 46% 695.00 a 531.25 b 497.50 b 315.00 c − 54.68
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + urea 46% 568.75 a 458.75 b 420.00 bc 360.00 c − 36.70
Carbofuran10G 622.50 a 115.00 b 160.00 b 105.00 b − 83.13
Nematode control 606.25 c 712.50 b 781.25 ab 821.25 a + 35.46
LSD0.05 between treatments 89.13  
LSD0.05 between times 47.64  
LSD0.05 between treatments × times 178.27  
  1. Data are average of four replicates (trees) each
  2. Values followed by the same letter(s) in a row are not significantly different at P ≤ 0.05
  3. P. lilacinum = Purpureocillium lilacinum, P. penetrans = Pasteuria penetrans, V. chlamydosporium = Verticillium chlamydosporium, T. harzianum = Trichoderma harzianum
  4. aFirst treatments application
  5. bSecond treatments application (beginning of the second season)
  6. cCompared to the number of PPN at the beginning of the experiment (Pi)