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Table 2 Effect of different combinations of integrated control measures on the number of plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) associated with guava, Psidium guajava, rhizosphere

From: Integrated management of plant-parasitic nematodes on guava and fig trees under tropical field conditions

Treatment Number of PPN/200 cm3 soil % final
Changec
15/2/2016a 15/5/2016 15/10/2016b 15/1/2017
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + chicken manure 652.50 a 492.50 b 348.75 c 202.50 d − 68.97
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + chicken manure 640.00 a 556.25 ab 486.25 b 260.00 c − 59.38
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + chicken manure 650.00 a 511.25 b 450.00 b 217.50 c − 66.54
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + cow manure 717.50 a 662.50 a 537.50 b 380.00 c − 47.04
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + cow manure 851.25 a 772.50 a 793.75 a 488.75 b − 36.73
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + cow manure 757.50 a 736.25 ab 651.25 b 433.75 c − 42.74
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + compost 732.50 a 562.50 b 484.00 b 396.25 c − 45.90
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + compost 741.25 a 788.75 a 590.00 b 567.50 b − 23.44
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + compost 715.00 a 651.25 ab 581.50 bc 536.25 c − 17.66
P. lilacinum + P. penetrans + urea 46% 683.75 a 608.75 a 512.50 b 210.00 c − 69.29
V. chlamydosporium + P. penetrans + urea 46% 736.25 a 633.75 b 553.75 b 327.50 c − 55.52
T. harzianum + P. penetrans + urea 46% 755.00 a 661.25 b 642.50 b 328.75 c − 56.46
Carbofuran10G 773.75 a 327.50 b 175.00 c 153.75 c − 80.13
Nematode control 738.75 d 993.75 c 1170.00 b 1295.00 a + 75.30
LSD0.05 between treatments 85.62  
LSD0.05 between times 46.98  
LSD0.05 between treatments × times 175.77  
  1. Data are average of four replicates (trees) each
  2. Values followed by the same letter(s) in a row are not significantly different at P ≤ 0.05
  3. P. lilacinum = Purpureocillium lilacinum, P. penetrans = Pasteuria penetrans, V. chlamydosporium = Verticillium chlamydosporium, T. harzianum = Trichoderma harzianum
  4. aFirst treatments application
  5. bSecond treatments application (beginning of the second season)
  6. cCompared to the number of PPN at the beginning of the experiment (Pi)