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Table 4 Changes in glutathione S-transferase activity in the hemolymph of last instar Galleria mellonella larvae infected with Heterorhabditis zealandica, Beauveria bassiana, and their combination

From: Dual application of entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi on immune and antioxidant enzymes of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L.

Time (h) post-infection Control
(m mole sub. /min g.b.wt)
Heterorhabditis zealandica
(m mole sub. /min g.b.wt)
Beauveria bassiana
(m mole sub. /min g.b.wt)
H. zealandica + B. bassiana
(m mole sub. /min g.b.wt)
12 h 67.5 ± 3.8a 74.17 ± 1.6abd 84.73 ± 3.3b 139.33 ± 5.4c
24 h 32.8 ± 1.1a 99 ± 1.5b 36.33 ± 1.4ad 120 ± 5.5c
36 h 63.13 ± 1.6a 66.2 ± 1.6ab 72.17 ± 2.1b 102.33 ± 2.8c
48 h 102 ± 2.1a 49.03 ± 1.5b 123.33 ± 3.4c 52.03 ± 2.3db
  1. Means followed by the same letter in the same row are not significantly different at p > 0.05 Duncan’s multiple range test