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Table 3 Changes in phenoloxidase activity (mean ± SE) of last instar Galleria mellonella larvae at 12, 24, 36, and 48 h post-infection with Heterorhabditis zealandica, Beauveria bassiana, and their combination

From: Dual application of entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi on immune and antioxidant enzymes of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L.

Time (h) post-infection Control
(O.D. units/min/g.b.wt)
H. zealandica
(O.D. units/min/g.b.wt)
B. bassiana
(O.D. units/min/g.b.wt)
H. zealandica + B. bassiana
(O.D. units/min/g.b.wt)
12 h 33.86 ± 1.2a 32.00 ± 14ac 50.30 ± 1.6b 29.76 ± 0.8acd
24 h 37.63 ± 1.3a 19.10 ± 05b 47.70 ± 1.9c 16.97 ± 0.3db
36 h 39.20 ± 1.3a 12.33 ± 0.2b 60.27 ± 2.3c 13.33 ± 0.3 bd
48 h 45.73 ± 0.6a 15.83 ± 0.4b 72.20 ± 2.9c 8.63 ± 0.7d
  1. Means followed by the same letter in the same row are not significantly different at p > 0.05 Duncan’s multiple range test