Skip to main content

Table 2 Interactions observed after the combination of Heterorhabditis zealandica (7 IJs/larvae) with Beauveria bassiana (3.1 × 102 conidia/ml)

From: Dual application of entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi on immune and antioxidant enzymes of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L.

Pathogens Time intervals
(days)
Observed mortality
%
Expected mortality
%
χ2 Interactions
Heterorhabditis zealandica (7 IJs)
+
Beauveria bassiana 3.1 × 102
0 88a 56.67 17.32 Synergistic
2 100c 50.00 50 Synergistic
4 84a 53.33 17.64 Synergistic
6 52b 36.67 6.41 Synergistic
  1. Mortality values within the column followed by the same letter are not significantly different (Duncan’s test, p P > 0.05). Expected mortality ME = MNema + MMa (1 – MNema), where MNema and MMa are the observed proportional mortalities caused by H. zealandica (7 IJs) with B. bassiana (3.1 × 102 conidia/ml)