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Table 4 Effect of biocontrol agents, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and fungicide alone and in combinations on the yield of tomato in the field at Vegetable Research Centre during 2014–2015

From: Field efficacy of different combinations of Trichoderma harzianum, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus against the major diseases of tomato in Uttarakhand (India)

S. no. Treatment Total yield (kg/ha) Marketable yield (kg/ha) Marketable yield (%) Increase in marketable yield over check (%)
1 Th (SA + ST + FS) 22,733 19,500 85.78 22.05
2 Pf (SA + ST + FS) 23,100 19,700 85.28 22.84
3 Th (SA + ST) + Mancozeb FS 23,805 22,733 95.50 33.14
4 Pf (SA + ST) + Mancozeb FS 25,000 23,267 93.06 34.67
5 Th + Pf (SA + ST + FS) 26,500 25,233 95.22 39.76
6 Th + JM(SA) + Th (ST + FS) 24,000 22,433 93.47 32.24
7 Pf + JM(SA) + Pf (ST + FS) 24,335 22,096 90.80 31.20
8 Th + Pf + JM(SA) + Th + Pf (ST + FS) 27,233 25,767 94.62 41.00
9 JM(SA) + Th + Pf (FS) 24,333 22,833 93.84 33.43
10 JM(SA) + Mancozeb (FS) 22,608 21,301 94.22 28.64
11 Th + Pf(SA + ST) + Mancozeb(FS) 26,767 25,433 95.01 40.24
12 Th + Pf + AMF(SA) + Th + Pf(ST) + Mancozeb(FS) 28,500 26,833 94.15 43.35
13 Mancozeb(ST) + Mancozeb(FS) 25,600 24,667 96.36 38.38
14 Control 19,500 15,200 77.95
  CD (5%) 6.54 5.88
  CV (%) 1.82 1.53
  1. Marketable yield was calculated by deducting damaged fruits from the total yield
  2. Th=Trichoderma harzianum, Pf=Pseudomonas fluorescens, JM=Jas Mycorrhiza, SA=soil application, ST=Seedling treatment, FS=foliar spray