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Table 3 Effect of biocontrol agents, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and fungicide alone or in combinations on tomato diseases under field conditions at Vegetable Research Center during 2014–2015

From: Field efficacy of different combinations of Trichoderma harzianum, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus against the major diseases of tomato in Uttarakhand (India)

No. Treatment Plant mortality (%) Foliar blight PDI (%) Reduction over control (%)
30 DAT Reduction over control (%) 30–60 DAT Reduction over control (%)
1 Th(SA + ST + FS) 11.50 (19.73) 43.43 11.89 (20.15) 51.13 24.06 (29.37) 45.09
2 Pf(SA + ST + FS) 12.66 (20.51) 37.73 16.66 (24.09) 31.52 27.39 (31.55) 37.49
3 Th(SA + ST) + Mancozeb FS 10.66 (19.35) 47.45 12.33 (20.85) 49.32 9.49 (17.94) 78.34
4 Pf(SA + ST) + Mancozeb FS 9.87 (18.42) 51.45 11.67 (19.96) 52.03 12.10 (20.50) 72.38
5 Th + Pf(SA + ST + FS) 5.33 (13.76) 73.78 7.00 (15.70) 71.23 18.46 (25.09) 57.87
6 Th + JM (SA) + Th(ST + FS) 11.33 (19.89) 44.27 10.67 (18.72) 56.14 24.29 (29.52) 44.57
7 Pf + JM (SA) + Pf(ST + FS) 13.66 (21.67) 32.80 11.33 (20.25) 53.43 25.96 (30.62) 40.76
8 Th + Pf + JM(SA) + Th + Pf(ST + FS) 5.00 (13.68) 75.40 6.50 (14.95) 73.28 12.29 (20.49) 71.95
9 JM (SA) + Th + Pf(FS) 16.33 (23.82) 19.68 10.67 (19.05) 56.14 17.05 (24.85) 61.09
10 JM (SA) + Mancozeb(FS) 12.66 (20.80) 37.73 15.33 (23.31) 36.99 9.45 (17.89) 78.43
11 Th + Pf(SA + ST) + Mancozeb(FS) 7.66 (15.66) 62.32 4.33 (12.41) 82.20 10.51 (18.90) 76.01
12 Th + Pf + JM (SA) + Th + Pf (ST) + Mancozeb (FS) 4.00 (11.99) 80.32 3.20 (10.49) 86.84 06.85 (14.95) 84.37
13 Mancozeb(ST) + Mancozeb(FS) 5.33 (13.27) 73.78 7.20 (15.70) 70.40 10.72 (18.42) 75.54
14 Control 20.33 (26.72) 24.33 (29.55) 43.82 (41.44)
  CD (5%) 3.20 (2.78) 2.00 (1.49) 2.04 (1.52)
  CV (%) 18.01 (8.93) 14.44 (4.69) 6.76 (3.73)
  1. Data in parenthesis are angular transformed value
  2. Th=Trichoderma harzianum, Pf=Pseudomonas fluorescens, JM=Jas Mycorrhiza, SA=soil application, ST=seedling treatment, FS=foliar spray, DAT=date of transplanting, PDI=% disease index, Foliar blight due to early and late blight of tomato