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Table 1 The scale values of the population density of Metopolophium dirhodum

From: Pathogenicity of three entomopathogenic fungi, to the aphid species, Metopolophium dirhodum (Walker) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), and their Alkaline protease activities

Fungal isolates   Days post treatment
Pre-tre atment 1st 3rd 5th 7th
Beauveria bassiana 5.00 ± 0.00a 4.33 ± 0.21b 3.17 ± 0.17c 1.00 ± 0.37c 0.017 ± 0.17d
Cladosporium cladosporioides 5.00 ± 0.00a 5.00 ± 0.00b 4.17 ± 0.17abc 2.33 ± 0.33b 1.33 ± 0.33c
Verticillium alfalfae 5.00 ± 0.00a 4.5 ± 0.22b 4.5 ± 0.34ab 2.67 ± 0.21ab 1.67 ± 0.21bc
Control 5.00 ± 0.00a 5.00 ± 0.00a 4.67 ± 0.21a 3.67 ± 0.21a 3.50 ± 0.22a
P value NS 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
S.E.M 0.00 0.062 0.23 0.21 0.26
  1. a,b,c,means, with different superscripts within a same line, are significantly different according to Tukey’s HSD multiple range test (P < 0.05).
  2. P probability, S.E.M standard error mean. NS not significant