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Table 2 Development of T. absoluta treated as second instar larvae by LC50 values of B. thuringiensis or B. bassiana

From: Microbial biopesticides affected age-stage life table of the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera – Gelechiidae)

Biopesticides Developmental period (mean ± SE) days
Egg Larva Pupa Total developmental time
B. thuringiensis 5.93 ± 0.13a 14.75 ± 0.03a 10.94 ± 0.26a 31.57 ± 0.42a
B. bassiana 6.3 ± 0.12a 15 ± 0.04a 10.77 ± 0.24a 32.07 ± 0.51a
Control 5.96 ± 0.14a 10.96 ± 0.15b 8.29 ± 0.14b 25.21 ± 0.38b
F(df) 2.95 (2,87) 98.87 (2,58) 43.47 (2,58) 175 (2,58)
P value 0.057 < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  1. Means followed by the same letter, in the same column, are not significantly different (P > 0.05)