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Table 9 Comparison of different growth parameter values: shoot and root heights (cm), shoot and root fresh weights (g), and shoot of root dry weights (g) recorded by watermelon seedlings inoculated by two F. solani f. sp. cucurbitae isolates (FSC 5 and FSC 2) and two F. oxysporum f. sp. niveum isolates (FON 1 and FON 2) and treated curatively by three Trichoderma spp. isolates and A. flavus

From: Evaluation of the efficiency of Trichoderma, Penicillium, and Aspergillus species as biological control agents against four soil-borne fungi of melon and watermelon

Pathogens Treatments Growth parameters
SH (cm)a RH (cm)a SFW (g)a RFW (g)a SDW (g)a RDW (g)a
FSC5 T. erinaceum 46.80efghb 16.40abcde 6.46def 0.21ef 1.55defghi 0.15defg
T. viride 48.70defg 15.20cdefg 6.20efg 0.35cde 1.44fghij 0.17bcdef
T. helicum 44.00fghij 16.60abcd 5.21fgh 0.47bcd 1.63defgh 0.23ab
A. flavus 49.60def 16.40abcde 5.04fgh 0.27def 2.22b 0.18abcd
FSC5 40.80hij 13.50fgh 4.20hi 0.14f 1.90bcd 0.10g
FSC2 T. erinaceum 38.60ij 14.30defgh 5.61fgh 0.33cdef 1.47fghij 0.16cdef
T. viride 44.90efghi 16.90abc 6.14efg 0.31cdef 1.38ghij 0.16cdef
T. helicum 41.10hij 17.90ab 5.88fgh 0.28def 1.71cdefg 0.14defg
A. flavus 45.40efghi 18.60a 5.22fgh 0.29def 1.28hijk 0.15defg
FSC2 27.50k 12.20h 2.91i 0.18ef 0.97k 0.10g
FON1 T. erinaceum 51.70cde 15.80bcdef 8.21cd 0.49bc 2.91a 0.23a
T. viride 60.70ab 16.60abcd 10.77 b 0.75a 2.05bc 0.18bcde
T. helicum 61.30a 15.80bcdef 8.73c 0.33cdef 1.51efghi 0.13defg
A. flavus 57.00abc 14.00efgh 10.62 b 0.42cd 2.01bc 0.13defg
FON1 42.00ghij 12.10h 5.98fgh 0.18ef 1.12jk 0.14defg
FON2 T. erinaceum 54.20bcd 16.60abcd 11.73ab 0.71a 1.78cdef 0.18bcde
T. viride 50.30cdef 16.40abcde 11.21ab 0.65ab 1.46fghij 0.21abc
T. helicum 54.00bcd 16.00bcde 12.60a 0.51bc 1.86bcde 0.16cdef
A. flavus 46.10efgh 13.10gh 7.91cde 0.28def 1.79cdef 0.13defg
FON2 27.80k 12.40h 4.42ghi 0.20ef 0.99k 0.12fg
Control   37.00j 12.60h 5.08fgh 0.21ef 1.18ijk 0.13defg
P valueb   > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05
  1. aShoot and root height (cm), shoot and root fresh weight (g), shoot of root dry weight (g), mean of three replicates (5 plants/replicate)
  2. bDuncan’s multiple range test: means followed by different letters are significantly different at P ≤ 0.05